Explain the concepts of setup time, utilization time, production scheduling, and bottlenecks in a simple manufacturing process
Within the Discussion Board area, write 200-300 words that respond to the following with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas. Using what you learned in the game module, please explain the following aspects of a production process:
- Provide an overview of what a manufacturing process is and how it is organized.
- Explain the concepts of setup time, utilization time, production scheduling, and bottlenecks in a simple manufacturing process and what the role of the operations manager is.
Expert Answer and Explanation
Manufacturing is the production of goods and services for sale or use using tools, machines, biological formulation, and labor (Yang et al., 2018). Therefore, the manufacturing process, also known as manufacturing engineering, can be defined as the stages followed to change raw materials to the final product or service.
For instance, stages of transforming wheat into bread can be called a manufacturing process. The manufacturing process can be organized in the following steps. The first step is the product concept, where an idea is generated. The second step is research. The third step is a product design and materials specification.
Here, the manager will design a product and identify the resources needed to make it. The fourth step is researching and developing the final product or service design (Yang et al., 2018). Step five is prototype testing to find any faults in the design for appropriate changes to be made. Other steps include manufacturing, assembly, feedback and testing, product development, and final product.
Concept of Setup Time
Setup time is the period taken to reconfigure a machine to operate a different production section. Utilization is the amount of an element used to achieve a specific goal. Utilization time is the period used to manufacture a single product. Manufacturing and production run on the timeline. Production scheduling is the process of planning the time taken to complete an activity in the manufacturing process.
A bottleneck in manufacturing is a point where workloads arrive faster for a production process to handle. It can create delays to lead to higher production costs. Operations managers can hire and fire workers, improve organizational processes, set training standards and hiring policies, planning, operations strategy, embracing design, and managing the operation process (Wolniak, 2019).
Wolniak, R. (2019). Operation manager and its role in the enterprise. Production Engineering Archives, 24(24), 1-4. https://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/pea/24/24/article-p1.xml
Yang, B., Qiao, L., Cai, N., Zhu, Z., & Wulan, M. (2018). Manufacturing process information modeling using a metamodeling approach. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 94(5-8), 1579-1596. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00170-016-9979-0
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