Forecast advances in healthcare over the next 15 years to determine how this innovation will influence patient care. Answering the following questions
1. What are the major arguments of the proponents & opponents of this development?
2. What ethical principles are ethical principles are either validated or violated by this development?
3. What code provisions or interpretative statements are either validated or violated by this development?
4. What are the potential outcomes of this innovation for patients, the healthcare system, costs of health care and health providers?
5. How will nursing practice be impacted by this development by 2025 if it is allowed to proceed?
6. What ethical challenges will nurses face because of this development?
There must be 5 current references using citations. APA Format
Stem Cell Research
Stem cells incorporate the use of tissues to prevent and manage diseases. The method involves using cells from any part of the body such as bone marrow, peripheral blood, and umbilical cord tissues from babies to treat problems in other parts of the body (Selvi, 2017). The technology is appropriate for the management of any disease that contributes to tissue degeneration. Research in human cell research has promoted the development of various therapeutic interventions that improve the welfare of patients (Farajkhoda, 2017). The adherence to biomedical research regulation enhances the ability to treat chronic ailments such as cancer, thereby increasing health promotion.
Proponents and Opponents of Stem Cell Research
Proponents of stem cell research and application argue that technology helps to treat a range of diseases. The experts claim that stem cell is an umbrella term that involves the use of human embryonic tissues to treat various medical problems. The approach is essential to the fields of oncology, plastic surgery, and commercial production of red blood cells (Shaw, Babovič, & Lynn, 2019). Stem cell research also improves cancer treatment as well as correcting defects that occur at birth (Shaw et al., 2019). However, opponents of the innovation assert that using stem cell research in any form is interfering with human life. It is also a form of playing God, and its future application could lead to the cloning of humans (Acosta & Golub, 2016). The approach is ethically and morally wrong as it may involve disregard for human dignity during tissue extraction.
Ethical Principles with Stem Cell Research
Misuse of human cell and fetuses are the primary ethical principles that health practitioners may invalidate during the development of stem cell research. The U.S. and European Union have established regulations that provide a guideline on the use of Human Embryonic Stem Cell (hESC) in medical research (Li, 2014). They aim to prevent disregard of cultural and social values of patients which are significant moral aspects of biomedical research (Li, 2014). Ethical principles also entail the elimination and aversion of fraudulent treatment process using the stem cell research modalities (Selvi, 2017).
Codes that are Violated in Stem Cell Research
Persons that venture into stem cell research must comply with the national codes of ethics. The process includes the provision of informed consent forms, the inclusion of institutional review boards, and applying integrity rules. These ensure that investigators comply with the cultural and ethical needs of a country (Farajkhoda, 2017). In 20004, the U.S. passed the Stem Cell Research and Cured Act that include codes that need validation before one conducts HESC studies (Acosta & Golub, 2016). The Fetus Farming Prohibition Act that was enacted in 2006 is another U.S. regulation that practitioners must comply with to ensure acceptable stem cell research.
Outcomes of Technology for the Patients
Stem cell research contributes to improved health outcomes of patients. The technology eases the treatment of breast cancer, strokes, and applied in plastic surgery for various body correction measures. It has also created efficiency for the health practitioners are they can manage chronic diseases. By 2025, stem research would reduce medical cost if it is allowed to continue (Shaw et al., 2015). It will prevent various costly surgical processes for patients.
The moral issues that arise from stem cell research include the increase of illegal abortions and the destruction of the embryo. Many countries have failed to agree on standard legal approaches that control the process, thereby contributing to commercial exploitation (Farajkhoda, 2017). As a result, nations should prohibit gamete trade and embryo from protecting unknowing patients.
Acosta, N. D., & Golub, S. H. (2016). The New Federalism: State Policies Regarding Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 44(3), 419–436. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073110516667939
Farajkhoda, T. (2017). An overview on ethical considerations in stem cell research in Iran and ethical recommendations: A review. International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine, 15(2), 67–75.
Li Jiang. (2014). Will diversity regulations disadvantage human embryonic stem cell research: A Comparison between the European Union and the United States. Journal of Art, Technology & Intellectual Property Law, 25(1), 53–90.
Selvi, S. T. (2017). Importance of stem cell therapy. International Journal of Nursing Education, 9(4), 124–128. https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-9357.2017.00115.5
Shaw, M. K., Babovič, M., & Lynn, V. M. (2019). Healthcare professionals’, students’, patients’ and donors’ perceptions of stem cell research and therapy: A systematic review protocol. BMJ Open, 9(2) doi:http://dx.doi.org.vlib.excelsior.edu/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025801