Provide an overview of the emerging technology and its role/function in health care
New health care innovations offer the advanced registered nurse an opportunity to apply emerging technologies in practice to improve quality and patient outcomes. For this assignment, research an emerging health care technology that you think has the potential to overcome current or emerging barriers to care.
Write a 500-750-word brief. Include the following:
1. Provide an overview of the emerging technology and its role/function in health care. Consider its potential for improving access to care and promoting patient safety and quality.
2. Describe ethical or legal issues that would accompany the incorporation of the technology.
3. Explain the nurse\’s informatics role in regard to the technology. Provide examples of the roles and job functions.
4. Outline the role of workflow analysis, human factors, and user-centered design concepts for your chosen technology example.
Refer to the topic Resources for samples and resources to help you construct your brief.
You are required to cite three to five sources to complete this assignment. Sources must be published within the last 5 years and appropriate for the assignment criteria and nursing content.
Expert Answer and Explanation
Emerging Technology Brief
Overview of the Emerging Technology and its Role in Health Care
The global Artificial Intelligence (AI) industry is thriving, with players across different sectors leveraging the AI to improve operational efficiency, and enhance decision-making. In healthcare sector, the AI use is widespread, with pharmacists utilizing it to inform decisions when prescribing medications because this technology integrates capabilities such as the ability identify adverse drug events based on specific patient characteristics. Specifically, the AI adopts a capability that makes it mimic human brain by developing the capability to predict the working of the medication relative to the human chemical components.
The AI integrates the data-analysis ability, which also explains the reason why it is popular among players within the healthcare industry (Bohr & Memarzadeh, 2020). If a physician wants to accurately make diagnosis, they can utilize an AI tool to analyze a sample collected from a patient, and make diagnosis. Considering these elements pertaining to AI use, the AI use can potentially help improve patients’ access to health services.
Ethical and Legal Issues that Would Accompany the Incorporation of the Technology
Despite the opportunities that come with AI use, its use in healthcare raises legal and ethical issues. One of the legal concerns linked to the use of this technology is the lack of informed consent when handling data. The apps with AI capability can mine data, and use this data even without the user’s permission. Because some of these apps have security vulnerabilities, they pose the risk of attacks, causing the breach of data privacy. Questions equally arise when it comes to ensuring the integrity of the information generated by the technology because the malfunction of the AI tool, can lead to wrong predictions (Davenport & Kalakota, 2019).
If the AI recommends the wrong treatment, for instance, it can lead to serious complications. The reliance on AI as a decision-making tool raises the risk of bias especially when working with patients from diverse settings. If the AI is trained to work with data derived from a specific ethnic group, for instance, the AI may make wrong prediction when working with people from other ethnic groups (Sharma et al., 2022).
The Nurse’s Informatics Role In Regard to the Technology
Regarding the utilization of AI, the nurse informatics plays a vital role. For instance, they are responsible of collecting meaningful data as they consider the aspects of the data such as the patient’s characteristics, the frequency of the medication use, and the types of medications they use. The AI technology synthesizes this data, coming up with meaningful inferences that can help predict treatment outcomes (Bajwa et al., 2021). The nurse also provides a key role in ensuring that the systems that integrate the AI technology meet security standards, and those who use the AI tools, understand the meaningful use policies, to help avoid data breach.
The Role of Workflow Analysis, Human Factors, and User-Centered Design Concepts for the Chosen Technology
When it comes to the AI, the workflow analysis helps determine the aspects of the technology that the developer should work on. For instance, it can help determine the problem with making predictions. Through training the AI, the AI can generate responses based on human input, easing the time it takes for one to make decisions (Basu et al., 2020). When designing the AI system, it is important to involve users to share information that can help develop meaningful AI tools.
Bajwa, J., Munir, U., Nori, A., & Williams, B. (2021). Artificial intelligence in healthcare: transforming the practice of medicine. Future healthcare journal, 8(2), e188–e194. https://doi.org/10.7861/fhj.2021-0095.
Basu, K., Sinha, R., Ong, A., & Basu, T. (2020). Artificial Intelligence: How is It Changing Medical Sciences and Its Future?. Indian journal of dermatology, 65(5), 365–370. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_421_20.
Bohr, A., & Memarzadeh, K. (2020). The rise of artificial intelligence in healthcare applications. Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare, 25–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-818438-7.00002-2.
Davenport, T., & Kalakota, R. (2019). The potential for artificial intelligence in healthcare. Future healthcare journal, 6(2), 94–98. https://doi.org/10.7861/futurehosp.6-2-94.
Sharma, M., Savage, C., Nair, M., Larsson, I., Svedberg, P., & Nygren, J. M. (2022). Artificial Intelligence Applications in Health Care Practice: Scoping Review. Journal of medical Internet research, 24(10), e40238. https://doi.org/10.2196/40238.
What is the role of emerging technology in healthcare?
Emerging technologies play a crucial role in transforming healthcare in various ways:
- Improved Diagnostics: Technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) can analyze vast amounts of medical data to assist in diagnosing diseases more accurately and quickly. Imaging technologies such as MRI, CT scans, and ultrasound are also advancing, allowing for better visualization and early detection of illnesses.
- Remote Monitoring and Telemedicine: Wearable devices and remote monitoring tools enable healthcare professionals to monitor patients’ health remotely, leading to better management of chronic conditions and reducing the need for frequent in-person visits. Telemedicine platforms allow patients to consult with healthcare providers virtually, improving access to care, especially in remote areas.
- Personalized Medicine: Advances in genomics and biotechnology facilitate the development of personalized treatments tailored to an individual’s genetic makeup, lifestyle, and specific health needs. This targeted approach improves treatment efficacy and minimizes adverse effects.
- Robotics and Automation: Robotics assist in surgeries, rehabilitation, and caregiving tasks, enhancing precision, reducing human error, and improving patient outcomes. Automation streamlines administrative processes, reducing paperwork, and allowing healthcare professionals to focus more on patient care.
- Health Information Technology (Health IT): Electronic Health Records (EHRs) and Health Information Exchange (HIE) systems enable seamless sharing of patient information among healthcare providers, promoting collaboration and continuity of care. Data analytics tools help identify trends, patterns, and potential health risks within populations, leading to more informed decision-making.
- Drug Discovery and Development: Technologies such as high-throughput screening, computational modeling, and data analytics accelerate the drug discovery process, leading to the development of novel treatments and therapies for various diseases.
- Patient Engagement and Education: Mobile apps, wearable devices, and online platforms empower patients to actively participate in managing their health, tracking progress, accessing educational resources, and connecting with support communities.
What is the role of technology in quality and safety in healthcare?
Technology plays a critical role in enhancing quality and safety in healthcare by implementing various tools and systems designed to minimize errors, improve efficiency, and ensure better patient outcomes. Here are some ways technology contributes to quality and safety in healthcare:
- Electronic Health Records (EHRs): EHR systems centralize patient information, including medical history, medications, allergies, and test results. They provide healthcare professionals with easy access to accurate and up-to-date information, reducing the risk of errors associated with paper-based records and enabling coordinated care across different providers.
- Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS): CDSS use algorithms and patient data to provide healthcare providers with evidence-based recommendations for diagnosis, treatment, and medication management. These systems help reduce diagnostic errors, identify potential drug interactions, and ensure adherence to best practices and clinical guidelines.
- Medication Management Systems: Automated medication dispensing systems, barcode medication administration, and electronic prescribing systems help minimize medication errors by ensuring the correct medication, dosage, and route of administration. Barcode scanning verifies patient and medication information, reducing the risk of administering the wrong drug or dose.
- Patient Safety Monitoring Systems: Technology-enabled monitoring systems, such as continuous vital sign monitoring and smart alarms, alert healthcare providers to early signs of deterioration or adverse events in patients. These systems facilitate timely interventions, preventing complications and improving patient safety.
- Telemedicine and Remote Monitoring: Telemedicine platforms and remote monitoring devices enable healthcare providers to monitor patients’ health remotely, reducing the need for in-person visits and enabling timely interventions. This approach improves access to care, especially for patients in remote or underserved areas, while minimizing the risk of exposure to infectious diseases.
- Quality Improvement Tools: Technology-based quality improvement tools, such as data analytics platforms and performance dashboards, enable healthcare organizations to track key performance indicators, identify areas for improvement, and implement evidence-based interventions to enhance quality and safety.
- Simulation Training: Simulation technologies, including virtual reality (VR) and high-fidelity patient simulators, provide healthcare professionals with realistic training scenarios to practice clinical skills, decision-making, and teamwork in a safe environment. Simulation training helps improve proficiency, confidence, and preparedness for handling real-life clinical situations, ultimately contributing to better patient outcomes.
What current or emerging technologies have potential to enhance nursing or healthcare?
Several current and emerging technologies hold significant potential to enhance nursing and healthcare:
- Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML): AI and ML algorithms can analyze vast amounts of patient data to identify patterns, predict health outcomes, and personalize treatment plans. In nursing, AI-powered decision support systems can assist in clinical decision-making, medication management, and patient monitoring, leading to improved efficiency and patient outcomes.
- Wearable Devices and Remote Monitoring: Wearable devices, such as smartwatches and fitness trackers, enable continuous monitoring of vital signs, activity levels, and other health parameters. Remote monitoring platforms allow nurses to track patients’ health remotely, detect early signs of deterioration, and intervene promptly, thereby reducing hospital readmissions and improving patient safety.
- Telehealth and Virtual Care: Telehealth platforms facilitate virtual consultations, remote patient monitoring, and telemedicine services, expanding access to healthcare services and improving care coordination. Nurses can conduct virtual assessments, provide patient education, and offer support remotely, enhancing patient engagement and satisfaction while reducing healthcare costs.
- Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR): AR and VR technologies offer immersive training simulations for nurses, enabling them to practice clinical skills, procedures, and emergency scenarios in a realistic yet safe environment. Additionally, AR applications can provide real-time guidance during clinical procedures, improving accuracy and reducing errors.
- Robotics and Automation: Robotics assist nurses in various tasks, such as medication delivery, patient lifting and transfer, and repetitive chores, thereby reducing physical strain and preventing workplace injuries. Automated systems for medication dispensing and documentation streamline workflows, enhance medication safety, and free up nurses’ time for patient care activities.
- Blockchain Technology: Blockchain technology offers secure and decentralized platforms for storing and sharing patient health records, ensuring data integrity, privacy, and interoperability. Nurses can access comprehensive and up-to-date patient information across healthcare settings, promoting care continuity and collaboration among multidisciplinary teams.
- Genomics and Precision Medicine: Advances in genomics and personalized medicine enable nurses to tailor treatments and interventions based on patients’ genetic profiles, biomarkers, and individual characteristics. Genetic testing and pharmacogenomics help identify genetic predispositions to diseases and predict responses to medications, allowing for more targeted and effective therapies.
- Health Information Technology (Health IT): Integrated electronic health records (EHRs), clinical decision support systems (CDSS), and interoperable health information exchange (HIE) platforms facilitate seamless communication and data sharing among healthcare providers, improving care coordination and patient safety.