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[ANSWERED OCTOBER 2022] Assignment: Comparing Humanistic-Existential Psychotherapy with Other Approaches

Assignment: Comparing Humanistic-Existential Psychotherapy with Other Approaches

Understanding the strengths of each type of therapy and which type of therapy is most appropriate for each patient is an essential skill of the psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioner. In this Assignment, you will compare humanistic-existential therapy to another psychotherapeutic approach. You will identify the strengths and challenges of each approach and describe expected potential outcomes.

To prepare:

  • Review the humanistic-existential psychotherapy videos in this week’s Learning Resources.
  • Reflect on humanistic-existential psychotherapeutic approaches.
  • Then, select another psychotherapeutic approach to compare with humanistic-existential psychotherapy. The approach you choose may be one you previously explored in the course or one you are familiar with and especially interested in.

The Assignment

In a 2- to 3-page paper, address the following:

  • Briefly describe humanistic-existential psychotherapy and the second approach you selected.
  • Explain at least three differences between these therapies. Include how these differences might impact your practice as a PMHNP.
  • Focusing on one video you viewed, explain why humanistic-existential psychotherapy was utilized with the patient in the video and why it was the treatment of choice. Describe the expected potential outcome if the second approach had been used with the patient.
  • Support your response with specific examples from this week’s media and at least three peer-reviewed, evidence-based sources. Explain why each of your supporting sources is considered scholarly. Attach the PDFs of your sources.

Rubric Detail

Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout.

Name: NRNP_6645_Week7_Assignment_Rubric

  Excellent

90%–100%

Good

80%–89%

Fair

70%–79%

Poor

0%–69%

Develop a 2- to 3-page paper comparing humanistic-existential therapy to another psychotherapeutic approach of your choice. Be sure to address the following: ·  Briefly describe humanistic-existential psychotherapy and the second approach you selected. 23 (23%) – 25 (25%)

The response includes an accurate and concise description of humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach.

20 (20%) – 22 (22%)

The response includes a description of humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach.

18 (18%) – 19 (19%)

The response includes a somewhat vague or inaccurate description of humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach.

0 (0%) – 17 (17%)

The response includes a vague and inaccurate description of humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach, or is missing.

·   Explain at least three differences between humanistic-existential psychotherapy and the approach you selected. ·   Include how these differences might impact your practice as a PMHNP. 23 (23%) – 25 (25%)

The response includes an accurate and clear explanation of three differences between humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach. The response includes a thoughtful and throrough explanation of how the differences between humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach might impact your practice as a PMHNP.

20 (20%) – 22 (22%)

The response includes an accurate explanation of three differences between humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach.

The response includes an explanation of how the differences between humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach might impact your practice as a PMHNP.

18 (18%) – 19 (19%)

The response includes a somehwat vague or inaccurate explanation of three differences between humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach.

The response includes a somewhat vague or inaccurate explanation of how the differences between humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach might impact your practice as a PMHNP.

0 (0%) – 17 (17%)

The response includes a vague and inaccurate explanation of three differences between humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach, or is missing.

The response includes a vague and inaccurate explanation of how the differences between humanistic-existential psychotherapy and your selected approach might impact your practice as a PMHNP, or is missing.

·   Explain why humanistic-existential psychotherapy was utilized with the client in the video and why it was the treatment of choice. ·   Describe the expected potential outcome if the second approach had been used with the client. ·   Support your response with at least three peer-reviewed, evidence-based sources from the literature. PDFs are attached. 32 (32%) – 35 (35%)

The response includes a thorough and accurate explanation of why humanistic-existential psychotherapy was utilized with the client and why it was the treatment of choice. The response includes a thorough and accurate description of the expected potential outcome had the second approach been used with the client. The response is supported by at least three peer-reviewed, evidence-based sources from the literature that provide strong support for the rationale provided. PDFs are attached.

28 (28%) – 31 (31%)

The response includes an accurate explanation of why humanistic-existential psychotherapy was utilized with the client and why it was the treatment of choice.

The response includes a description of the expected potential outcome had the second approach been used with the client.

The response is supported by three peer-reviewed, evidence-based sources from the literature that provide appropriate support for the rationale provided. PDFs are attached.

24 (24%) – 27 (27%)

The response includes a somewhat vague or incomplete explanation of why humanistic-existential psychotherapy was utilized with the client and why it was the treatment of choice.

The response includes a somewhat vague or incomplete description of the expected potential outcome had the second approach been used with the client.

The response is supported by two or three peer-reviewed, evidence-based sources from the literature. Resources selected may provide only weak support for the rationale provided. PDFs may not be attached.

0 (0%) – 23 (23%)

The response includes a vague and inaccurate explanation of why humanistic-existential psychotherapy was utilized with the client and why it was the treatment of choice, or is missing.

The response includes a vauge and incomplete description of the expected potential outcome had the second approach been used with the client, or is missing.

The response is supported by vague or inaccurate evidence from the literature, or is missing.

Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization: Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction is provided which delineates all required criteria. 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineates all required criteria.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet are brief and not descriptive.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are vague or off topic.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time.

No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion were provided.

Written Expression and Formatting – English writing standards: Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time.

Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment are stated, yet are brief and not descriptive.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)

Contains 3 or 4 grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)

Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.

Written Expression and Formatting – The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list. 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Uses correct APA format with no errors.

4 (4%) – 4 (4%)

Contains 1 or 2 APA format errors.

3.5 (3.5%) – 3.5 (3.5%)

Contains 3 or 4 APA format errors.

0 (0%) – 3 (3%)

Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.

Total Points: 100

Expert Answer and Explanation

Comparing Humanistic-Existential Psychotherapy

Healthcare is constantly facing different changes as it progresses from one form of care to the other. Mental health is one of the entities in nursing that require the use of multiple interventions in order to prevent multiple issues (Heidenreich et al., 2021). Therapists make use of the DSM-5 to identify the different diagnoses that can be used in relation to the issues affecting the patient. This article will compare humanistic-existential psychotherapy with cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Treatment Approaches

Also abbreviated as HEP, humanistic, existential psychotherapy is among the most common types of psychotherapy used to intervene for patients dealing with mental illness. The use of humanistic-existential psychotherapy is aimed at enabling the patient to know their characteristics and the aspects that differentiate them from the rest of the world (Heidenreich et al., 2021). Therapists have the capacity to use the approach to offer motivation to the patient. Additionally, the approach can also be used in the identification of the different areas of concern that might be affecting the patient. The therapist is able to ensure that the client has discovered their unique traits and what makes them stand out from the crowd.

The use of humanistic-existential psychotherapy is important as it makes the patient become aware of their traits and how they can improve the areas that are affected or causing harm (Heidenreich et al., 2021). The basic premise of human existential therapy is that it can be used to ensure the patients overcome their imposed fears or limitations. With great ability to be aware of personal convictions, the patient can be guided to acquire an in-depth understanding of their innate life goals.

The other approach that can be used to provide psychotherapy to a patient is cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT). This approach is also one of the most common modes of interventions used in providing medical attention to patients with mental disorders (David et al., 2021). The CBT approach focuses on the thought processes of a person as well as the physical behaviors. These methods are critical as they work together to reduce the severity of the patient’s symptoms. In this regard, CBT addresses how a person’s cognitive abilities or thought process can positively or negatively affect their external behaviors. In this regard, the method can be used to offer treatment or identify the various issues that might be affecting the patient. A patient being treated with CBT is able to identify their behavior, thought process, and how one leads to the other (David et al., 2021). The role of the therapist is to help the patient in the identification of their cognitions and behaviors and later link how one is related to the other.

Correlation Between CBT and HEP

While the two approaches are used to help patients deal with their mental issues, they have different similarities and differences. The main difference between the two treatment approaches is that HEP analyzes the uniqueness of a patient, while CBT measures the behaviors and thought processes (David et al., 2021). These two interventions help the patient deal with different issues that might affect their mental state. For instance, HEP can be used to offer medical aid to patients with self-esteem issues, while CBT can best be used to help patients dealing with substance abuse or addiction. The other difference that the two approaches have is that CBT what the patient can alter or change while HEP helps the patient to understand their personal beliefs and convictions. These differences are from the premise within which the therapists can help the patients meet the different requirements of care. Additionally, HEP is focused on the abilities of the patients, while CBT focuses on the actions or how the patient responds to different issues within society. The PMHNP can best benefit from this approach as they help deal with the different issues that might affect the quality of patient care (Yılmaz et al., 2019). A PMHNP can decide on the best approach to use and how to ensure the patient receives the best available care.

Overview of the Video

The video addresses a patient suffering from anger, constrictions, and having challenges with understanding their personal feelings. These symptoms depict the challenges that the patient has with regards to self-awareness and correlating with the environment around them (PsychotherapyNet, 2009). In this regard, the best available approach that the PMHNP can use on the patient is to apply the HEP treatment. The approach would be essential in ensuring that the patient is informed of their uniqueness and how it makes them stand out from the rest. The PMHNP can also make use of the approach to help the patient identify the unique aspects that are causing them to be easily angered or face constrictions with everyday life choices.

Alternative Approach

Suppose that the therapists had used the CBT treatment approach, the patient would have benefited from understanding the thoughts and how it impacts their personal behavior. Unlike HEP, which helps with the identification of internal abilities that a person has, CBT would redefine how the patient thinks in entirety and help them avoid triggers (David et al., 2021). It is important for health care providers to be aware of the treatment approach to use to maximize the effectiveness of the treatment.

Conclusion

This article compares humanistic-existential psychotherapy with cognitive-behavioural therapy. CBT and HEP are important in the treatment of mental health, and they both address different issues. A PMHNP can determine the best approach to use based on the available symptoms.

References

David, D., Cristea, I., & Hofmann, S. G. (2018). Why Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Is the Current Gold Standard of Psychotherapy. Frontiers In Psychiatry, 9, 4. Https://Doi.Org/10.3389/Fpsyt.2018.00004

Heidenreich, T., Noyon, A., Worrell, M., & Menzies, R. (2021). Existential Approaches and Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Challenges and Potential. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 14(1), 209-234. Https://Doi.Org/10.1007/S41811-020-00096-1

Psychotherapynet. (2009, June 29). James Bugental Live Case Consultation Psychotherapy Video [Video]. Youtube. Https://Www.Youtube.Com/Watch?V=Zl8tVTjdocI

Yılmaz, O., Mırçık, A. B., Kunduz, M., Çombaş, M., Öztürk, A., Deveci, E., & Kırpınar, İ. (2019). Effects Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Existential Psychotherapy and Supportive Counselling on Facial Emotion Recognition Among Patients with Mild or Moderate Depression. Psychiatry Investigation, 16(7), 491. https://doi.org/10.30773/pi.2019.03.14

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