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Both psychoanalysis and Gestalt therapy consider that dream exploration can be used as an effective therapeutic technique

Both psychoanalysis and Gestalt therapy consider that dream exploration can be used as an effective therapeutic technique

5.1. Approaches to Dream Work

Both psychoanalysis and Gestalt therapy consider that dream exploration can be used as an effective therapeutic technique.  However, the two schools propose very different approaches to dream work.  Which approach would you favour and why?

  • The last post is due at the end of Sunday of this unit.

5.2. Interruptions to Contact vs. Ego Defense Mechanisms

Gestalt therapy identifies a number of problematic patterns of interpersonal relationships called Interruptions/Resistances to Contact or Boundary Disturbances.  These maladaptive interpersonal patterns are similar, though not identical, to some of the ego defense mechanisms identified in psychoanalysis.  Based on your understanding of the psychoanalytical and the Gestalt concepts, which of the two sets of constructs do you find more useful for conceptualizing and addressing potential clients’ concerns?

  • The last post is due at the end of Sunday of this unit.

Assignment 2: Humanistic Approaches (Due WEDNESDAY of Unit 5) – Assignment 2: Humanistic Approaches

Instructions

Do NOT exceed one double-spaced page (two or three paragraphs) for each of your answers. Please format your assignment in Word (files with extension .doc or .docx), or Rich Text Format (files with extension .rtf). Include a title page and a reference page. An introduction/conclusion is not necessary. Organize the answers using APA style.

Answer the following three short-answer questions (250 words for each answer, approximately 750 words per assignment):

  • What are some of the possible cross-cultural limitations of the person-centred approach to counselling?
  • Helping clients create meaning in their lives is arguably the ultimate goal of Viktor Frankl’s logotherapy; however, this process may appear quite abstract and esoteric to many clients and counsellors. Das (1998) articulated four specific steps that help make this process more concrete and relevant for both counsellors and clients. Briefly describe those four steps.
  • Identify a hypothetical counselling scenario (client’s presenting concern) in which you would appropriately use the Gestalt empty-chair technique. In your answer, briefly describe how you would actually implement the empty-chair technique and provide a rationale for its use (i.e., what is the expected outcome of this intervention, given the hypothetical presenting concern you have selected).

Information Regarding Citations

Any sources used to support your Written Narrative should, of course, be cited using correct APA format. And although it can be a useful starting place to gather very general information, in order to later verify it with more substantial sources, no Wikipedia references will be accepted as scholarly citations. Here’s just one reason why: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/30699302/ns/technology_and_science-tech_and_gadgets/t/student-hoaxes-worlds-media-wikipedia/

IMPORTANT NOTES

*The “Submit” button will appear 72 hours before the due date for this assignment. This means that you must upload the final draft of your assignment during this 72-hour period from when the button appears and the due date passes.

Please do not email your submissions to your professor, either before or after the due date; all coursework should be submitted through the online course (Moodle).

Notes:

Evaluation

The following rubric indicates those areas you should be focusing on in preparing your assignment, and how the professor will weigh these components relative to one another.

Criteria % of Assignment Grade
1. Substantive content that answers correctly and directly the questions posed /50
2. Evidence of completion of required readings /35
3. Clarity of writing style, correct grammar, use of Canadian English spelling, and punctuation /5
4. Compliance with the APA style guidelines for general formatting, citations, and references /10
TOTAL /100

Final Paper: Research on Selected Theory – Final Paper: Research on Selected Theory

Instructions

The final paper for this course is meant to give students an opportunity to conduct more in-depth research on a topic of their choice. Students are encouraged to select a topic (from any theory or theories studied in this course) in which they have an interest.

The research for the paper will involve consulting pertinent materials including and going beyond the required readings (peer-reviewed journal articles, books published by experts in the field, official websites). The paper should consist of approximately 2500 words, (i.e., 10 double-spaced typed pages, Times New Roman font size: 12), excluding the reference page and the title page. Please, format your assignment in Word (files with extension .doc or .docx), or Rich Text Format (files with extension .rtf).

In this course, students have three options concerning their choice of topic for the final paper. Depending on their area of interest or the area of practice that they envisage in their professional life, students can choose a topic from one of following three options:

OPTION A – An in-depth account of a particular construct within one theory

As the purpose of the paper is not to rehash or summarize the textbook information, students who select this kind of topic will need to narrow down the scope of their research to one particular aspect of a counselling approach. Within a specific approach to counselling, students can focus on the more philosophical and theoretical underpinnings, or on the more practical or applied aspects of that theory, such as techniques and specific interventions. Here are some examples of possible titles that would fall under this category:

  • Exploring Ego Defense Mechanisms in Psychoanalysis
  • The Use of Drawings and Metaphors in Therapy: A Jungian Approach
  • Applying Adlerian Principles of Lifestyle Assessment to Group Therapy
  • Outcome Research on Person-Centred Counselling and Psychotherapy
  • Existential Therapy and Asian Thought
  • Therapeutic Principles of Psychodrama
  • A Feminist Critique of Gestalt Therapy

OPTION B – Comparison and contrast between two theories

Again, narrowing down your topic, you may consider two constructs or sets of constructs proposed by two different theories, which lend themselves to comparing and contrasting. Here are some examples of possible titles that would fall under this category:

  • Insight and Empathy: A Comparison of the Psychoanalytic and the Rogerian Approaches to Counselling
  • Similarities and Differences between Psychodynamic Mechanisms of Defense and Gestalt Boundary Disturbances
  • Stages of Psychological Development: A Comparison of Freud and Erikson
  • Transference and Countertransference in Psychodynamic Approaches to Counselling

OPTION C – Book review

Students can select a recent book in the field of counselling psychology (published within the last 5 years) and write a book review that is both informative and critical. Students who choose this option for their final paper must consult with the professor in order to make sure that the publication they would like to review is indeed related to counselling theories and their application, and thus pertinent to this course. Students can familiarize themselves with the writing style typical of book reviews by browsing through professional (peer-reviewed) academic journals in the field of counselling and psychotherapy, and by reading as many book reviews as possible.

Information Regarding Citations

Any sources used to support your Written Narrative should, of course, be cited using correct APA format. And although it can be a useful starting place to gather very general information, in order to later verify it with more substantial sources, no Wikipedia references will be accepted as scholarly citations. Here’s just one reason why: http://www.nbcnews.com/id/30699302/ns/technology_and_science-tech_and_gadgets/t/student-hoaxes-worlds-media-wikipedia/

IMPORTANT NOTES

*The “Submit” button will appear 72 hours before the due date for this assignment. This means that you must upload the final draft of your assignment during this 72-hour period from when the button appears and the due date passes.

Please do not email your submissions to your professor, either before or after the due date; all coursework should be submitted through the online course (Moodle).

Notes:

Evaluation

The following rubric indicates those areas you should be focusing on in preparing your assignment, and how the professor will weigh these components relative to one another.

Criteria % of Assignment Grade
1. Appropriateness and relevance of topic /10
2. Originality and substance /40
3. Quality of research (breadth & appropriately referenced sources) /35
4. Clear organization/ structure/general formatting (logical sections & subsections) /5
5. Correct grammar, punctuation, clarity and fluency of style, Canadian English spelling; /5
6. Compliance with the APA style guidelines for formatting citations and references. /5
TOTAL /100
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