[ANSWERED 2023] Describe the selected environmental factor. Explain how the environmental factor

Written By: Dan Palmer, RN

Describe the selected environmental factor. Explain how the environmental factorDescribe the selected environmental factor. Explain how the environmental factor you selected can potentially affect the health or safety of infants.

The growth, development, and learned behaviors that occur during the first year of infancy have a direct effect on the individual throughout a lifetime. For this assignment, research an environmental factor that poses a threat to the health or safety of infants and develop a health promotion that can be presented to caregivers.

Create a 10-12 slide PowerPoint health promotion, with speaker notes, that outlines a teaching plan. For the presentation of your PowerPoint, use Loom to create a voice over or a video. Include an additional slide for the Loom link at the beginning, and an additional slide for references at the end.

In developing your PowerPoint, take into consideration the health care literacy level of your target audience, as well as the demographic of the caregiver/patient (socioeconomic level, language, culture, and any other relevant characteristic of the caregiver) for which the presentation is tailored

Include the following in your presentation:

  1. Describe the selected environmental factor. Explain how the environmental factor you selected can potentially affect the health or safety of infants.
  2. Create a health promotion plan that can be presented to caregivers to address the environmental factor and improve the overall health and well-being of infants.
  3. Offer recommendations on accident prevention and safety promotion as they relate to the selected environmental factor and the health or safety of infants.
  4. Offer examples, interventions, and suggestions from evidence-based research. At least three scholarly resources are required. Two of the three resources must be peer-reviewed and no more than 6 years old.
  5. Provide readers with two community resources, a national resource, and a Web-based resource. Include a brief description and contact information for each resource.

Refer to the resource, \”Creating Effective PowerPoint Presentations,\” located in the Student Success Center, for additional guidance on completing this assignment in the appropriate style.

Refer to the resource, \”Loom,\” located in the Student Success Center, for additional guidance on recording your presentation.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.

Expert Answer and Explanation

Exposing infants to second hand poses a serious negative health impacts which can lead to death of the infant. Second hand smoke can be defined as smoke exhaled by a smoker combined with smoke emitted by the burning end of the cigarette.  According to Faber et al. (2016) second hand smoke is responsible for approximately 166 ,000 global child deaths.

This presentation will focus on different issues tackling the exposure of secondhand smoke on infants.

Second hand smoking has serious health repercussions on infants. Some of them include;-

second hand smoke can lead to sudden infant death syndrome. This is a phenomenon where an infant suddenly dies without any signs of preexisting medical condition and usually occurs while sleeping (Adams, Ward & Garcia, 2015). Researchers have attributed this phenomenon to respiratory issues with second hand smoking being a contributing agent  it is also reported that a number of children who died from SID had high levels of nicotine found in their lungs (Fleming, Blair & Pease, 2015).

Second hand smoke also puts children at risk of getting ear infections and other respiratory complications like bronchitis and pneumonia in infants.

Second hand smoke can also trigger asthmatic attacks in asthmatic infants (Wang et al., 2016).

Describe the selected environmental factor. Explain how the environmental factor you selected can potentially affect the health or safety of infants.

Second hand smoking is known to be one of the issues that causes lower birth weight in infants which in most cases translates to poor health status for the infant (Banderali et al., 2015)

Long term exposure of second hand smoke on infants also leads to poor brain development which may lead to learning disorders. It may also affect lung development leading to future respiratory complications.

Second hand smoke can also cause infants to develop coughs.

The health promotion plan which can be used by caregivers to help deal with secondhand smoke and its effects on infants will involve the following set of activities.

  • Collection of evidence based information on the issue of second hand smoking and how it affects infants. This is to ensure that the health promotion is based on factual evidence with proved workable solutions that can assist in dealing with the issue.
  • Establishing the required resources needed for the health promotion is also an important activity. some of the resources which will be required include learning materials, financial support, treatment facilities to aid any patient who may require help in dealing with second hand smoking, experts to articulate on the matter, to list a few.
  • For any health promotion activity, it is important to have measurable goals which are going to be used to measure the success of the health promotion (Fertman & Allensworth, 2016) .
  • Having a system of evaluating the progress and impact of the health promotion is another important activity of the health promotion.
  • Implementing the plan after ensuring that everything is properly set up is the last part of the health promotion plan.

Some of the recommendations to protect infants from second hand smoke include;

  • Making the house and its close environs a smoke free zone. Smoke from cigarettes takes time before it dissipates from the environment. Smoking within the house environs can put the infant at risk of being exposed to second hand smoke leading to the several detrimental health effects listed earlier.
  • It is also recommended to avoid smoking in vehicles carrying infants and exposure to smoking areas. Such environments which have high concentration of second hand smoke may pose more severe health consequences on the infant.

The community also needs to be informed on the negative effects of primary and second hand smoking especially pregnant women. This will make them aware on the dangers of smoking on the health status of infants.

Family members who smoke should also be encouraged to quit smoking

There are various evidence based suggestions and interventions which were given to assist in dealing with exposure of second hand smoking by infants. Some of which include;

Faber et al.(2016) suggested a “smoke free” policy framework which will assist in protecting children from second hand smoke.

Walker et al. (2014), proposes a family centered approach to dealing with secondhand smoking. The authors propose that parents should be encouraged to quit smokin preconception, during pregnancy and after delivery of the child to protect the infant from harmful effects of secondhand smoke.

Been et al. (2014) also suggests implementation of WHO recommendations that petitions for legislation that will create a smoke free environment

In order to protect infants from second hand smoking the main resources to be used should be geared towards dissuading smokers from engaging in  the habit. Therefore to assist in doing so, the following are two of the community resources available for residents living in Texas.

I. Adderall Rehab Center Terrell Hills

Adderall rehab center, located in Terrell Hills, Texas, provides a wide range of treatment options for people suffering from drug and substance abuse. The facility has flexible treatment options varying with the intensity of problem being faced by the patient. the center also accepts various cover plans making it affordable for its clientele. The following phone number can be used to contact the facility 1(800) 410-803

II. Right Step Hill Country

  Right Step Hill Country in in Wimberley, Texas is another residential rehabilitation facility located in a 30 acre piece of land. The facility offers a wide array of therapeutic services for patients dealing with drug and substance addiction and may be a good option for those aiming to quit smoking as part of the strategies of saving not only themselves, but also their infants. To contact the facility, one can access their website at https://www.rightstep.com/ and through phone calls at 844-675-3958.

for both facilities, the phone numbers can be contacted at any time of the day.

For parents who are determined to protect their children from second hand smoke and have an issue quitting smoking, then the two resources will be of great benefit to them.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA): Is a national program aimed a dealing with different issues associated with drug abuse including smoking. The institute carries out research and provides relevant information to the public on matter pertaining to drug and substance abuse. The information provided can be of great help in  creating awareness and in turn insulating infants from being exposed to second hand smoke from those around them.

smokefree.gov is a government run online based application which offers support to people who are intent to quit smoking. The online platform can assist those who want to quit smoking come up with a plan on how to quit and different therapies to assist in the process.


Adams, S. M., Ward, C. E., & Garcia, K. L. (2015). Sudden infant death syndrome. American family physician91(11).

Banderali, G., Martelli, A., Landi, M., Moretti, F., Betti, F., Radaelli, G., … & Verduci, E. (2015). Short and long term health effects of parental tobacco smoking during pregnancy and lactation: a descriptive review. Journal of translational medicine13(1), 327.

Been, J. V., Nurmatov, U. B., Cox, B., Nawrot, T. S., Van Schayck, C. P., & Sheikh, A. (2014). Effect of smoke-free legislation on perinatal and child health: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet383(9928), 1549-1560.

Faber, T., Been, J. V., Reiss, I. K., Mackenbach, J. P., & Sheikh, A. (2016). Smoke-free legislation and child health. NPJ primary care respiratory medicine26, 16067.

Fertman, C. I., & Allensworth, D. D. (Eds.). (2016). Health promotion programs: from theory to practice. John Wiley & Sons.

Fleming, P. J., Blair, P. S., & Pease, A. (2015). Sudden unexpected death in infancy: aetiology, pathophysiology, epidemiology and prevention in 2015. Archives of disease in childhood100(10), 984-988.

Wang, Z., May, S. M., Charoenlap, S., Pyle, R., Ott, N. L., Mohammed, K., & Joshi, A. Y. (2015). Effects of secondhand smoke exposure on asthma morbidity and health care utilization in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology115(5), 396-401.

Walker, N., Johnston, V., Glover, M., Bullen, C., Trenholme, A., Chang, A., … & Hawthorne, E. (2014). Effect of a family-centered, secondhand smoke intervention to reduce respiratory illness in indigenous infants in Australia and New Zealand: a randomized controlled trial. Nicotine & Tobacco Research17(1), 48-57.

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What are the environmental factors that influence child development?

There are many environmental factors that can influence child development, including:

  1. Parenting style: The way parents interact with and discipline their children can have a significant impact on their emotional, social, and cognitive development.
  2. Education: The quality of education a child receives can have a significant impact on their intellectual and cognitive development.
  3. Physical environment: The environment in which a child grows up can have a significant impact on their health and well-being. For example, exposure to pollutants or toxins in the environment can affect a child’s development.
  4. Nutrition: The quality and availability of food can have a significant impact on a child’s physical and cognitive development.
  5. Socioeconomic status: Children who grow up in poverty or who experience socioeconomic disadvantage may face unique challenges that can impact their development.
  6. Culture: A child’s cultural background and the values and beliefs of their community can influence their social and emotional development.
  7. Social support: The quality and availability of social support, including relationships with peers and adults, can impact a child’s emotional and social development.
  8. Stress: Exposure to chronic stress, such as experiencing trauma or living in a high-stress environment, can impact a child’s development in many ways, including their physical health and emotional well-being.

It is important to note that each child is unique, and the ways in which these environmental factors interact can vary depending on individual circumstances.

How can you protect the environment from chemical hazards?

Protecting the environment from chemical hazards is crucial for the health and well-being of both humans and other living organisms. Here are some steps that can be taken to protect the environment from chemical hazards:

  1. Use safer alternatives: Whenever possible, use safer alternatives to hazardous chemicals. This could include using non-toxic cleaning products or choosing products that are free from harmful chemicals.
  2. Properly store and dispose of hazardous chemicals: Store hazardous chemicals in a secure location, away from children and pets. Dispose of hazardous chemicals properly, following local regulations and guidelines.
  3. Reduce, reuse, and recycle: Reduce the amount of waste generated by reusing and recycling products. This can help to reduce the amount of hazardous chemicals that end up in landfills.
  4. Support policies that protect the environment: Support policies that aim to reduce the use and release of hazardous chemicals into the environment, such as regulations on chemical manufacturing and disposal.
  5. Educate yourself and others: Educate yourself and others about the hazards of chemicals and how to use and dispose of them safely. This can help to raise awareness and promote safer practices.
  6. Participate in community efforts: Participate in community efforts to reduce chemical hazards, such as local recycling programs or clean-up initiatives.

By taking these steps, we can help to protect the environment from chemical hazards and promote a healthier, safer world for all living beings.

What types of policies are needed to protect vulnerable populations from environmental hazards?

There are several types of policies that can be implemented to protect vulnerable populations from environmental hazards. Some of these policies include:

  1. Environmental justice policies: Environmental justice policies seek to address the unequal distribution of environmental risks and benefits among different groups. These policies aim to ensure that vulnerable populations, such as low-income communities and communities of color, are not disproportionately impacted by environmental hazards.
  2. Regulations on hazardous materials and emissions: Regulations can be put in place to limit the release of hazardous materials into the environment, as well as emissions from sources such as factories and transportation. These regulations can help to protect vulnerable populations from exposure to harmful substances.
  3. Land use policies: Land use policies can be implemented to limit the development of hazardous facilities, such as waste disposal sites and factories, near vulnerable populations. These policies can help to prevent exposure to hazardous substances.
  4. Disaster preparedness policies: Disaster preparedness policies can help to ensure that vulnerable populations are adequately prepared for environmental disasters, such as hurricanes or wildfires. These policies can include measures such as early warning systems, evacuation plans, and emergency response plans.
  5. Education and outreach programs: Education and outreach programs can help to raise awareness among vulnerable populations about environmental hazards and how to protect themselves. These programs can also provide information about available resources and support.

Children’s Environmental Health

In today’s fast-paced world, ensuring a healthy environment for our children is of paramount importance. The impact of the environment on children’s health cannot be overstated. This article delves into the key aspects of children’s environmental health, discussing why children need a healthy environment, what factors make them more vulnerable to environmental exposures, and what constitutes a healthy environment for a child. We’ll also explore environmental health issues in your community and provide real-world examples to shed light on this critical topic.

Why Do Children Need a Healthy Environment?

Ensuring a healthy environment for children is not just a luxury but a necessity. Children are more vulnerable than adults to environmental hazards due to their developing immune systems and bodies. Here are some compelling reasons why children need a healthy environment:

  1. Vulnerable Immune Systems: Children have less developed immune systems, making them more susceptible to diseases caused by environmental pollutants.
  2. Longer Lifespan Exposure: As children are at the beginning of their lives, they have more years of potential exposure to environmental toxins, which can lead to cumulative health effects over time.
  3. Critical Growth and Development: Environmental factors can influence a child’s growth, development, and overall well-being, affecting them throughout their lives.
  4. Healthy Start: A healthy environment ensures a good start in life, reducing the risk of health issues in childhood and adulthood.
  5. Learning and Cognitive Development: Environmental pollutants can harm a child’s cognitive development and learning abilities, affecting their future prospects.

What Factors Make Children More Vulnerable to Environmental Exposures?

Understanding the factors that make children more vulnerable to environmental exposures is crucial for safeguarding their health. Here are some key factors:

  1. Higher Respiratory Rate: Children breathe more rapidly than adults, which increases their inhalation of pollutants in the air.
  2. Hand-to-Mouth Behavior: Children often put their hands and objects in their mouths, making them more susceptible to ingesting toxins.
  3. Body Size: With smaller body sizes, children can’t dilute or detoxify substances as effectively as adults.
  4. Developing Organs: Children’s organs are still developing, making them more sensitive to toxins.
  5. Behavior and Activities: Children’s behavior and activities, such as playing outdoors, can expose them to environmental pollutants.

What Is a Healthy Environment for a Child?

A healthy environment for a child is one that promotes physical, mental, and emotional well-being. It should be free from pollutants and hazards. A healthy environment for a child includes:

  1. Clean Air: Air quality is vital for children’s lung development. It should be free from pollutants like smoke and chemicals.
  2. Safe Water: Access to clean, safe drinking water is crucial to prevent waterborne diseases.
  3. Nutritious Food: Nutrient-rich food supports a child’s growth and development.
  4. Safe Housing: A stable and safe home environment is essential for a child’s well-being.
  5. Access to Nature: Exposure to nature and green spaces can positively impact a child’s mental health.

Environmental Health Issues in Your Community

Environmental health issues can vary from one community to another. To better understand the challenges, let’s examine some common environmental health issues in communities:

  1. Air Pollution: Urban areas often face air pollution from industrial emissions and vehicle exhaust.
  2. Lead Contamination: Older homes may have lead-based paint, leading to lead exposure in children.
  3. Water Contamination: Contaminated water sources can pose serious health risks to children.
  4. Noise Pollution: High noise levels can impact a child’s sleep and cognitive development.
  5. Toxic Waste Sites: Proximity to toxic waste sites can expose children to hazardous substances.

Environmental Health Issue Examples

To provide a clear picture of the real-world implications of environmental health issues, let’s consider some examples:

  1. Asthma: Air pollution can trigger or worsen asthma in children.
  2. Lead Poisoning: In areas with lead-contaminated homes, children can suffer from lead poisoning, affecting their cognitive development.
  3. Contaminated Drinking Water: Flint, Michigan, is a notable example of a community facing the consequences of contaminated drinking water.
  4. Noise-Related Stress: Children living near busy highways may experience chronic stress due to noise pollution.
  5. Chemical Exposure: Proximity to chemical plants can result in exposure to harmful substances, affecting children’s health.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q: How can parents create a healthy environment for their children? A: Parents can ensure a healthy environment by providing clean air, safe water, nutritious food, and a safe living space. They should also limit exposure to environmental toxins.

Q: What are some common signs of environmental health issues in children? A: Common signs include respiratory problems, developmental delays, lead poisoning symptoms, and unexplained illnesses.

Q: Are there laws to protect children from environmental hazards? A: Yes, many countries have regulations and laws in place to protect children from environmental hazards and ensure their well-being.

Q: How can communities address environmental health issues? A: Communities can take action by advocating for clean air and water, addressing local pollution sources, and promoting awareness of environmental health.

Q: What is the role of healthcare professionals in children’s environmental health? A: Healthcare professionals play a vital role in diagnosing and treating health issues related to environmental exposures and educating families about prevention.

Q: Can early intervention mitigate the effects of environmental exposures on children’s health? A: Yes, early intervention, such as removing lead-based paint or reducing pollution, can help mitigate the adverse effects on children’s health.


In conclusion, children’s environmental health is a critical concern that demands our attention. Children need a healthy environment to thrive and develop to their full potential. By understanding the factors that make them more vulnerable to environmental exposures and taking steps to create a safe and nurturing environment, we can safeguard their well-being. Let’s work together to ensure a brighter and healthier future for our children.

What effect might an infant’s health and environment have on their growth and development?

An infant’s health and environment play a profound role in shaping their growth and development. Let’s delve into the effects of these crucial factors:

  1. Nutrition: Proper nutrition is the cornerstone of healthy growth and development in infants. Infants who receive adequate and balanced nutrition, primarily through breastfeeding or formula, are more likely to achieve their developmental milestones on time. Malnutrition, on the other hand, can lead to stunted growth and cognitive delays.
  2. Physical Health: The overall physical health of an infant is closely linked to their environment. A clean and safe living space reduces the risk of illnesses, such as respiratory infections. On the contrary, exposure to environmental hazards like secondhand smoke, pollution, or mold can lead to health issues, hindering their growth.
  3. Mental and Emotional Well-being: A nurturing and loving environment contributes significantly to an infant’s emotional and cognitive development. Infants who receive ample care and attention tend to develop secure attachments and better emotional regulation. In contrast, neglect or exposure to a stressful environment can have adverse effects on their emotional well-being.
  4. Stimulation and Interaction: Interactions with caregivers and the surrounding environment are vital for an infant’s cognitive and social development. Engaging in activities like playing, talking, and reading with infants fosters their cognitive growth. Lack of stimulation and interaction can result in developmental delays.
  5. Toxic Exposures: Infants are particularly vulnerable to toxins and pollutants. Lead exposure, for example, can impair cognitive development, while exposure to environmental pollutants like air or water contaminants can lead to various health issues. A clean and toxin-free environment is essential for optimal growth.
  6. Sleep: Quality sleep is essential for infant development. An environment that supports healthy sleep patterns is crucial. Factors like a consistent bedtime routine and a quiet, dark room can contribute to better sleep quality, which, in turn, aids in their physical and cognitive development.
  7. Safety: An environment that ensures safety is critical. Unsecured hazards or unsafe objects can lead to accidents that might affect an infant’s physical well-being. Baby-proofing the living space is essential to provide a safe environment for exploration and learning.
  8. Access to Nature: Exposure to nature and the outdoors has been linked to improved cognitive development. An environment with access to green spaces and fresh air can enhance an infant’s overall well-being.
  9. Healthcare and Early Intervention: Timely healthcare, vaccinations, and early intervention services are essential to identify and address any potential health or developmental issues in infants. Regular check-ups and access to medical care play a crucial role in ensuring a child’s growth and development.

What is the summary of infancy?

Infancy is the earliest stage of human life, encompassing the period from birth to approximately two years of age. During this critical phase, infants undergo rapid and remarkable growth and development.

Key aspects of infancy include:

  1. Physical Growth: Infants experience significant physical changes. At birth, the average weight of a newborn is approximately 7.5 pounds (3.4 kilograms). Over the first year, infants typically triple their birth weight, reaching around 22 pounds (10 kilograms) by their first birthday.
  2. Cognitive Development: Cognitive development in infancy is marked by the emergence of basic sensory and perceptual abilities. Infants become increasingly aware of their surroundings, recognize familiar faces and voices, and exhibit early problem-solving skills.
  3. Language Development: Although not yet speaking, infants start to communicate through crying, cooing, and babbling. They also begin to understand and respond to verbal cues and the tone of speech.
  4. Social and Emotional Development: Infants form strong emotional attachments to their primary caregivers, typically their parents, in the first months of life. These secure attachments provide a foundation of trust and emotional security. Infants experience a range of emotions and begin to develop social interactions and bonds.
  5. Nutrition and Sleep: Nutrition is of paramount importance in infancy, with most infants relying on breast milk or formula for nourishment. Infants require significant amounts of sleep, with newborns sleeping an average of 16-17 hours a day and gradually reducing this amount as they grow.
  6. Motor Skills: Throughout infancy, infants develop a series of motor skills, progressing from simple reflexes to more purposeful movements. This includes milestones such as rolling over, sitting, crawling, and eventually walking.
  7. Sensory Perception: Infants use their senses to explore and learn about their environment. They can see, hear, taste, touch, and smell, and these sensory experiences are integral to their cognitive and perceptual development.



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