Discuss the four spheres of political action in nursing. In addition, please develop a brief
Discuss the four spheres of political action in nursing. In addition, please develop a brief argument sharing how these spheres are interconnected and overlapping by applying an example from your practice. What are some ethical considerations here?
Expert Answer and Explanation
Four Spheres of Political Action in Nursing
The very act of being a nurse makes one politically involved even though most nurses view themselves as politically powerless. (Cameron, Ceci, & Salas 2011). The four spheres of political action are areas where nurses have an opportunity for political involvement. Even though each sphere has its own independent function, they all work together to create change. The four spheres of political action in nursing include the workplace, government, professional organizations and the community. (Mason, Leavitt, & Chaffee, 2013).
It addresses affecting jobs and patient care. Nurses should advocate for the issues that require a change in the workplace and also those that affect patient care. They should be politically informed to ensure that policies that regard their workplace are adequately addressed. (Cameron, Ceci, & Salas 2011).
It addresses rules, laws and regulations governing nursing practice. (Mason, Leavitt, & Chaffee, 2013). The government is the main influencer in the health care-related changes due to their role in political action. We as nurses ought to work closely with the government to create change.
They address issues that shape nursing practice. They influence policy changes in health care as contributors and also implementers. They also lobby for the political backing of the health care policies they deem beneficial to them and the community they serve.
It addresses issues that affect community health. Since they have a good understanding of the specific health needs of the population, they should work closely with nurses to address them. For a political action in nursing to be realized, it requires input from all spheres hence they are interconnected.
In an area I was attached to, there were many incidents of domestic violence with a large number of patients being victims. Through nursing political action, we formulated policies to protect victims and stop the violence. Professional organizations were able to influence change and involve the government in implementing the changes.
The hospitals served as the center for members of the community to be sensitized about the issue and also for treatment of victims. Through collaborative action from all the spheres we were able to reduce the number of cases of domestic violence reported.
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Importance of politics in nursing
Politics plays a significant role in nursing, influencing various aspects of the profession and the healthcare system. Here are several ways in which politics is important in nursing:
- Healthcare Policy Advocacy:
- Nurses can play a crucial role in advocating for policies that promote public health, patient safety, and the well-being of communities. Involvement in political processes allows nurses to influence healthcare policies at local, state, and national levels.
- Patient Advocacy:
- Political engagement empowers nurses to advocate for the rights and interests of their patients. This may involve addressing issues such as access to healthcare, health equity, and the delivery of high-quality and patient-centered care.
- Regulatory Environment:
- Nurses work within a regulatory framework that is often shaped by political decisions. Understanding and participating in the political process can help nurses contribute to the development of regulations that ensure professional standards, ethical practice, and patient safety.
- Resource Allocation:
- Political decisions impact the allocation of resources within the healthcare system. Nurses, as frontline healthcare providers, can advocate for fair distribution of resources, adequate staffing levels, and appropriate funding for nursing education and training.
- Workplace Conditions:
- Political decisions influence workplace conditions for nurses, including issues such as staffing ratios, working hours, and workplace safety. Active involvement in political processes allows nurses to address these issues and contribute to creating optimal working environments.
- Educational Policy:
- Policies related to nursing education and professional development are shaped by political decisions. Nurses can engage in advocacy to influence policies that support continuous education, training, and career advancement opportunities.
- Public Health Initiatives:
- Nurses can contribute to the development and implementation of public health initiatives through political engagement. This includes involvement in vaccination campaigns, disease prevention programs, and community health promotion efforts.
- Ethical Decision-Making:
- Political decisions can sometimes raise ethical concerns in healthcare. Nurses may need to navigate ethical dilemmas related to resource allocation, access to care, and the rights of vulnerable populations. Political awareness is crucial in addressing these ethical challenges.
- Global Health Advocacy:
- Nurses can participate in global health advocacy by engaging in political discussions related to international healthcare issues, such as infectious disease control, humanitarian assistance, and global health equity.
- Professional Autonomy:
- Political engagement helps nurses advocate for their professional autonomy and the recognition of nursing as an essential and autonomous healthcare profession.
Political issues in nursing
Nursing, like any other profession in the healthcare sector, is influenced by various political issues that impact the practice, work environment, and overall healthcare system. Some key political issues in nursing include:
- Staffing Levels and Nurse-Patient Ratios:
- Adequate nurse staffing is crucial for patient safety and quality care. Political decisions regarding nurse-patient ratios and staffing levels can significantly impact nurses’ ability to provide safe and effective care.
- Workplace Safety:
- Political issues related to workplace safety include regulations and policies addressing violence against healthcare workers, infectious disease control, and the provision of a safe and secure work environment.
- Access to Healthcare:
- Nurses are often at the forefront of providing care, and political decisions related to healthcare access, insurance coverage, and affordability can impact the ability of patients to receive timely and comprehensive nursing services.
- Scope of Practice:
- Regulations defining the scope of practice for nurses vary by jurisdiction and can be influenced by political decisions. Advocacy for expanding or protecting the scope of practice is a political issue for nurses.
- Professional Autonomy:
- Nurses may face challenges to their professional autonomy, particularly in hierarchical healthcare settings. Political issues related to empowering nurses as autonomous professionals can impact the quality of patient care.
- Education Funding and Standards:
- Political decisions on education funding and standards affect the quality of nursing education. Adequate funding for nursing programs, accreditation standards, and support for continuous education are critical political considerations.
- Healthcare Funding and Budgeting:
- Funding decisions at the governmental level influence the resources available for healthcare services. Nurses may advocate for adequate funding to ensure optimal patient care and maintain healthcare infrastructure.
- Nursing Shortages:
- The global nursing shortage is a political issue influenced by factors such as workforce planning, immigration policies, and investment in nursing education. Addressing these issues is essential to ensure an adequate supply of qualified nurses.
- Healthcare Reform:
- Ongoing healthcare reform efforts, including changes in policy and legislation, can have a profound impact on nursing practice, reimbursement structures, and the organization of healthcare delivery.
- Technology Integration:
- Political decisions related to the adoption and regulation of healthcare technologies, including electronic health records (EHRs) and telehealth, can affect how nurses provide care and communicate with patients and other healthcare professionals.
- Ethical Dilemmas:
- Political decisions may raise ethical concerns for nurses, such as those related to resource allocation, patient rights, and healthcare disparities. Navigating these ethical dilemmas requires political awareness and advocacy.
Four spheres of political action in nursing
Political activities can occur and where nurses can engage in advocacy and political action to shape the future of healthcare and the nursing profession. The four spheres of political action in nursing are: