Last Updated on 09/06/2023 by Admin
Assignment 1: Practicum – Assessing Client Family Progress
Using the client family from your Week 3 Practicum Assignment, address
Part 1: Progress Note
Using the client family from your Week 3 Practicum Assignment, address in a progress note (without violating HIPAA regulations) the following:
- Treatment modality used and efficacy of approach
- Progress and/or lack of progress toward the mutually agreed-upon client goals (reference the treatment plan for progress toward goals)
- Modification(s) of the treatment plan that were made based on progress/lack of progress
- Clinical impressions regarding diagnosis and or symptoms
- Relevant psychosocial information or changes from original assessment (e.g., marriage, separation/divorce, new relationships, move to a new house/apartment, change of job)
- Safety issues
- Clinical emergencies/actions taken
- Medications used by the patient, even if the nurse psychotherapist was not the one prescribing them
- Treatment compliance/lack of compliance
- Clinical consultations
- Collaboration with other professionals (e.g., phone consultations with physicians, psychiatrists, marriage/family therapists)
- The therapist’s recommendations, including whether the client agreed to the recommendations
- Referrals made/reasons for making referrals
- Termination/issues that are relevant to the termination process (e.g., client informed of loss of insurance or refusal of insurance company to pay for continued sessions)
- Issues related to consent and/or informed consent for treatment
- Information concerning child abuse and/or elder or dependent adult abuse, including documentation as to where the abuse was reported
- Information reflecting the therapist’s exercise of clinical judgment
Note: Be sure to exclude any information that should not be found in a discoverable progress note.
Part 2: Privileged Note
Based on this week’s readings, prepare a privileged psychotherapy note that you would use to document your impressions of therapeutic progress/therapy sessions for your client family from the Week 3 Practicum Assignment.
In your progress note, address the following:
- Include items that you would not typically include in a note as part of the clinical record.
- Explain why the items you included in the privileged note would not be included in the client family’s progress note.
- Explain whether your preceptor uses privileged notes. If so, describe the type of information he or she might include. If not, explain why.
Expert Answer and Explanation
Assessing Client Family Progress
Therapists are always required to develop documentation to explain the progress of their clients. The purpose of this assignment is to develop progress and privileged notes of a couple who came for therapy.
Part 1: Progress Note
Treatment Modality Used and Efficacy of Approach
The treatment modality used is cognitive-behavioral therapy. Shayan et al. (2018) did a study and found that CBT is highly effective in treating people with post-traumatic stress disorder and other stress-related conditions.
Progress Towards Goals
The therapy’s goal is to change the clients’ thoughts and attitudes towards parenting and their financial conditions. The family agreed to attend ten therapy sessions to achieve this goal. Looking at the clients’ state of mind, there is no progress.
Modification(s) of the Treatment Plan
The therapy was modified in that both the counselor and the clients agreed to increase the number of sessions to fifteen. Role-playing was also included in the therapy. Role-playing can improve their social skills and improve their problem-solving skills (Khanjani Veshki et al., 2017).
Clinical Impressions Regarding Diagnosis And/or Symptoms
Based on the clients’ medical history, they might be suffering from the acute stress disorder. The stress is caused by a lack of financial support and balancing parenting and work.
Relevant Psychosocial Information or Changes from Original Assessment
The clients have no history of psychological problems. However, there is a history of alcoholism in the family, hence putting the clients at risk of suffering alcoholism.
The father works at a security company as security personnel can lead to security issues because one must protect people or property from danger.
Clinical Emergencies/Actions Taken
The family has never experienced any form of a clinical emergency.
The clients have no history of physical or mental health problems, and therefore, they are not on any kind of medications.
The clients have not been complying fully with treatment therapy. The father noted that the timing of the sessions does not align with his working schedule. He requested that the sessions be pushed to weekends and not weekdays.
Clinical consultation occurred with the supervisor. The supervisor was asked whether the clients can change their therapy sessions from weekdays to weekends.
Collaboration with Other Professionals
I collaborated with my supervisor, a fellow counselor, on how to handle the clients’ financial woes. Professional collaboration is a significant practice in that it helps caregivers provide patient-centered care.
The therapist recommended that the clients be involved in role-playing and that their sessions should be increased to fifteen from ten. Role-playing would help clients practice new patterns or skills of interaction (Dattilio & Collins, 2018). For instance, they would practice talking to children and engaging them in decisions affecting their lives. The clients agreed to the recommendations but noted that the fees for the sessions should be reduced a bit.
Referrals Made/Reasons for Making Referrals
There were no referrals made during the treatment session.
The five more sessions could risk termination if the clients cannot pay for them or if their insurance program refuses to pay for them.
Issues Concerning Informed Consent for Treatment
Informed consent is a significant ethical code in healthcare practice. Before a therapist makes any recommendations, the client must be asked for informed consent. The clients were asked for their informed consent before the recommendations were implemented.
Information Concerning Child Abuse
During the assessment, it was found that the clients have not a history of child abuse or dependent adult abuse.
Information reflecting the therapist’s exercise of clinical judgment
Clinical judgment is clinical reasoning that allows caregivers to arrive at a conclusion based on subjective and objective data about the patient (Dickison et al., 2019). Based on the clients’ subjective and objective data, these patients have not prior physiological or mental healthcare issues. However, the clients have financial problems because they have to care for their parents and children. They are also faced with the challenge of balancing their parenting roles and work schedule. They should be taught techniques to cope with stress.
Part 2: Privileged Note
Not all information can be included in the progress note. I can never enter pejorative or derogatory statements about the patient in the progress note but include them in the privileged note. Another piece of information that I cannot include in the progress note is complaints about other staff members, whether from the staff, doctor, supervisor, or the patient. I would include my hypothesis about the patient in the privileged note but not the progress note. Lastly, I would include my observations about the clients in the privileged note but not the progress note.
I would not include the items above in the progress note due to the following reasons. First, psychiatrists must show that they are concerned about their clients and respect them. For instance, saying that the client is lying about their health history is cruel and disrespectful, and that is how I cannot include it in the progress note.
To maintain the proper relationship between staff and my client, I cannot include their complaints about each other in the progress note. Also, my observation and hypothesis about the clients can be sensitive and create a lot of emotions, and that is why the information cannot be included in the progress note. My preceptor uses privileged notes. The preceptor might include his observations, hypothesis about the patient, and questions he can ask his supervisor.
The progress note above has clearly shown the clients’ progress and treatment recommendations that can be implemented to improve their wellbeing.
Dattilio, F. M., & Collins, M. H. (2018). Cognitive-behavioral family therapy. Guilford Press.
Dickison, P., Haerling, K. A., & Lasater, K. (2019). Integrating the national council of state boards of nursing clinical judgment model into nursing educational frameworks. Journal of Nursing Education, 58(2), 72-78. https://doi.org/10.3928/01484834-20190122-03
Khanjani Veshki, S., Shafiabady, A., Farzad, V., & Fatehizade, M. (2017). A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Cognitive–Behavioral Couple Therapy and Acceptance and Commitment Couple Therapy in the Couple’s Conflict in the City of Isfahan. Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences, 9(3). https://sites.kowsarpub.com/jjhs/articles/62010.html
Shayan, A., Taravati, M., Garousian, M., Babakhani, N., Faradmal, J., & Masoumi, S. Z. (2018). The effect of cognitive behavioral therapy on marital quality among women. International journal of fertility & sterility, 12(2), 99. doi: 10.22074/ijfs.2018.5257
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What Is a Treatment Plan in Counseling?
When individuals seek counseling or therapy to address their mental health concerns, a treatment plan becomes a crucial component of their therapeutic journey. This article will explore the concept of a treatment plan in counseling, its importance, the four key components of a treatment plan, examples of treatment plan interventions, and the benefits it offers to both clients and therapists. Additionally, we will discuss considerations for developing a treatment plan and provide a template that can serve as a helpful guide for mental health professionals.
Counseling involves a collaborative process between a therapist and a client, with the aim of addressing emotional, psychological, and behavioral challenges. A treatment plan is a formalized document that outlines the goals, objectives, strategies, and interventions that will guide the therapeutic process. It serves as a roadmap, ensuring that therapy remains focused, structured, and effective.
II. Components of a Treatment Plan
A comprehensive treatment plan typically consists of four essential components: assessment and diagnosis, goals and objectives, treatment strategies and interventions, and progress monitoring and evaluation. These components work together to create a holistic and individualized approach to therapy.
A. Assessment and diagnosis: The initial phase of treatment planning involves a thorough assessment of the client’s presenting concerns, history, and any relevant diagnostic information. This helps the therapist gain a comprehensive understanding of the client’s unique needs and challenges.
B. Goals and objectives: Treatment goals are the desired outcomes that the client and therapist aim to achieve through therapy. Objectives are the specific, measurable, and time-bound steps that will lead to the attainment of these goals. Clear and realistic goals provide a sense of direction and purpose for the therapeutic process.
C. Treatment strategies and interventions: Once the goals and objectives are established, the therapist selects appropriate treatment strategies and interventions to address the client’s concerns. These may include evidence-based modalities such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), psychodynamic therapy, mindfulness-based interventions, or other approaches tailored to the client’s needs.
D. Progress monitoring and evaluation: Regular assessment and evaluation are crucial to determine the effectiveness of the chosen interventions and to make any necessary adjustments. Progress monitoring ensures that therapy remains aligned with the client’s goals and objectives, and allows for modifications as needed.
III. The Process of Treatment Planning
Developing a treatment plan is an ongoing process that evolves throughout the course of therapy. It involves several key steps:
A. Initial assessment and evaluation: The therapist conducts a comprehensive assessment, which may include interviews, psychological tests, and collaboration with other healthcare professionals if necessary. This assessment helps inform the treatment planning process.
B. Collaborative goal setting: The therapist and client work together to identify and prioritize the client’s goals. Active involvement of the client in this process enhances their engagement and motivation in therapy.
C. Selecting appropriate interventions: Based on the client’s goals, the therapist chooses interventions that are evidence-based, align with the client’s preferences, and are suitable for their unique circumstances. Flexibility and customization are key to tailoring therapy to individual needs.
D. Regular review and revision: The treatment plan should be regularly reviewed and revised as therapy progresses. This ensures that the plan remains responsive to the client’s evolving needs, goals, and preferences.
IV. Examples of Treatment Plan Interventions
Various interventions can be incorporated into a treatment plan depending on the client’s needs and therapeutic approach. Here are some examples:
A. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): This approach focuses on identifying and modifying negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to emotional distress. CBT interventions may include cognitive restructuring, behavior activation, and skills training.
B. Mindfulness-based interventions: These interventions cultivate present-moment awareness and acceptance, promoting emotional regulation and stress reduction. Mindfulness techniques, such as meditation and breathing exercises, can be integrated into the treatment plan.
C. Psychoeducation and skill-building: Providing clients with psychoeducational materials and teaching them coping skills can empower them to manage their symptoms and challenges more effectively.
D. Medication management (if applicable): In cases where medication is part of the treatment plan, coordination with a psychiatrist or other prescribing professional may be necessary.
V. Benefits of a Treatment Plan
A well-developed treatment plan offers several benefits for both clients and therapists:
A. Provides a roadmap for therapy: A treatment plan provides a clear and structured path for therapy, ensuring that sessions are focused and purposeful.
B. Enhances client engagement and motivation: Collaborating with clients in the treatment planning process fosters a sense of ownership and motivation, increasing their commitment to therapy.
C. Facilitates effective treatment coordination: If multiple professionals are involved in a client’s care, a treatment plan helps ensure effective coordination and continuity of treatment.
D. Supports continuity of care: A treatment plan serves as a comprehensive record of the therapeutic journey, allowing for seamless transitions between therapists or when therapy resumes after a hiatus.
VI. Considerations for Developing a Treatment Plan
When developing a treatment plan, mental health professionals should keep the following considerations in mind:
A. Individualized approach: Each client is unique, and their treatment plan should be tailored to their specific needs, preferences, and strengths.
B. Cultural competence and sensitivity: Recognizing and addressing cultural factors is essential to provide culturally sensitive and inclusive care.
C. Collaboration with clients: Involving clients in the treatment planning process promotes autonomy, engagement, and a stronger therapeutic alliance.
VII. Treatment Plan Template
A treatment plan template can serve as a helpful guide for mental health professionals. It typically includes sections for client information, assessment and diagnosis, goals and objectives, treatment strategies and interventions, and progress monitoring and evaluation. Mental health professionals can adapt the template to suit their specific practice and client population.
A treatment plan in counseling plays a vital role in providing structure, direction, and effectiveness to the therapeutic process. It encompasses assessment, goal-setting, intervention selection, and ongoing evaluation. By collaboratively developing and implementing a treatment plan, therapists can support their clients in achieving their therapeutic goals and promote positive change.
- Why is a treatment plan important in counseling?
- How often should a treatment plan be reviewed?
- Can treatment plans be modified during therapy?
- What happens if a client’s goals change during therapy?
- Is a treatment plan necessary for every counseling session?