Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010.
Watch the “Diary of Medical Mission Trip” videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Reflect on this natural disaster by answering the following questions:
- Propose one example of a nursing intervention related to the disaster from each of the following levels: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Provide innovative examples that have not been discussed by previous students.
- Under which phase of the disaster do the three proposed interventions fall? Explain why you chose that phase.
- With what people or agencies would you work in facilitating the proposed interventions and why?
EXPERT ANSWER AND EXPLANATION
Reflection on Catastrophic Earthquake in Haiti 2010
Nursing intervention related to the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010
Nursing interventions are the actual actions and treatment which are performed to help patients to attain the objectives which are set for them (Blutcher, Bulecheck, Doctterman & Wagner, 2018). Nurses utilize their critical thinking abilities and experience to decide on interventions that can help patients the most.
Based on the Catastrophic Earthquake in Haiti 2010, there are three levels of nursing intervention which can be used by nurses during and after the disaster. These level include primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Primary interventions will assist in developing strategies that can reduce the damage caused by the catastrophic earthquake; for example, keeping of fire extinguishers at home to put off fire resulting from the earthquake. Secondary prevention will be to encourage personal approaches to prevent recurrence of disaster injuries; for instance, regular exams and screening of people injured during the disaster. Tertiary interventions will involve helping people to manage the long-term effects of the disaster; for example, teaching farmers to plant varied crops which are resilient to the catastrophe.
Phase of the disaster that the three proposed interventions fall
The three proposed interventions fall under the reconstruction phase. According to Neal (2017), the reconstruction phase usually involves an overall sense of recovery after the disaster. Communities and individuals start to take responsibility for restoring their lives back to normallcy. Also, persons are adjusting to a new life after grieving their losses. Neal (2017) concludes that the reconstruction phase begins around the celebration period of the disaster and continues for some time beyond that the anniversary.
Agencies that will help in facilitating the proposed interventions
Agencies that I will work with to enable the recommended interventions are American Red Cross, Sida (Swedish International Development Corporation Agency), and the FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). According to Coppola (2016), the three agencies are global organizations working to reduce the impact of natural disasters around the world. Thus, the agencies can appropriately help me to facilitate the interventions in Haiti.
Coppola, D. P. (2016). Introduction to international disaster management. Elsevier.
Blutcher, H. K., Bulecheck, G. M., Doctterman, J. M. M., & Wagner, G. M. (2018). Nursing interventions classifications (NIC)-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Neal, D. M. (2017). Reconsidering the phases of disasters. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disaster 15(2), 239-264.
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