Watch the Diary of Medical Mission Trip videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010.
What spiritual considerations surrounding a disaster can arise for individuals, communities, and health care providers? Explain your answer in the context of a natural or manmade disaster. How can a community health nurse assist in the spiritual care of the individual, community, self, and colleagues?
Watch the Diary of Medical Mission Trip videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Reflect on this natural disaster by answering the following questions:
- Propose one example of a nursing intervention related to the disaster from each of the following levels: primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Provide innovative examples that have not been discussed by previous students.
- Under which phase of the disaster do the three proposed interventions fall? Explain why you chose that phase.
- With what people or agencies would you work in facilitating the proposed interventions and why?
EXPERT ANSWER AND EXPLANATION
Spiritual Consideration in a Disaster
When disaster strikes, it comes with it a devastating state of affairs for individuals, communities, and by extension, the health care providers. Both manmade and natural disaster creates consequences that implicate not only the physical and economic status of an individual or society but also the spiritual wellbeing of the affected person or community (Hong et al., 2019). The spiritual consideration mainly deals with faith and region of a specific person of the community. Different religious or spiritual belief holds a set belief that might affect other aspects of the health of the affected person or community.
For instance, a religious extremist who believes in their faith and that the supreme being will protect them against the disaster might deny any form of treatment and thus affect their overall health. While it is the responsibility of the religious institution to intervene in this case, nurses can also play a role in assisting with the spiritual care of individuals and the community as well as self and colleagues (Hong et al., 2019).
For instance, a nurse may use spiritual care to provide holistic care that is in line with their beliefs. An understanding of spiritual difference can help restore hope and courage in the patients and assisting them in restoring touch with reality and finding the courage to soldier on. A nurse can guide the community in offering holistic spiritual care that enhances unity and taking care of your neighbor.
Similarly, nurses can also be affected or traumatized by the high number of casualties or death as a result of the disaster (Kestenbaum et al., 2018). A nurse can use spiritual care to motivate themselves and colleagues as they will be determining on offering service to humanity. Their service will be able to save lives and ensure that the victims are uplifted spiritually.
Hong, B. A., Pollio, D. E., Pollio, E. W., Sims, O. T., Pedrazine, A., & North, C. S. (2019). Religious and Spiritual Aspects of Disaster Experience Among Survivors of the 9/11 Attacks on New York City’s World Trade Center. Journal of religion and health, 58(5), 1619-1630. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10943-019-00785-y
Kestenbaum, A., Fleischman, C. A., Dabis, M., Birnbaum, B., & Dunn, L. B. (2018). Examination of spiritual needs in Hurricane Sandy disaster recovery through clinical pastoral education verbatims. Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling, 72(1), 8-21. https://doi.org/10.1177/1542305017748663
DQ2: Reflection on Catastrophic Earthquake in Haiti 2010
Nursing intervention related to the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in 2010
Nursing interventions are the actual actions and treatment which are performed to help patients to attain the objectives which are set for them (Blutcher, Bulecheck, Doctterman & Wagner, 2018). Nurses utilize their critical thinking abilities and experience to decide on interventions that can help patients the most.
Based on the Catastrophic Earthquake in Haiti 2010, there are three levels of nursing intervention which can be used by nurses during and after the disaster. These level include primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention. Primary interventions will assist in developing strategies that can reduce the damage caused by the catastrophic earthquake; for example, keeping of fire extinguishers at home to put off fire resulting from the earthquake.
Secondary prevention will be to encourage personal approaches to prevent recurrence of disaster injuries; for instance, regular exams and screening of people injured during the disaster. Tertiary interventions will involve helping people to manage the long-term effects of the disaster; for example, teaching farmers to plant varied crops which are resilient to the catastrophe.
Phase of the disaster that the three proposed interventions fall
The three proposed interventions fall under the reconstruction phase. According to Neal (2017), the reconstruction phase usually involves an overall sense of recovery after the disaster. Communities and individuals start to take responsibility for restoring their lives back to normallcy. Also, persons are adjusting to a new life after grieving their losses. Neal (2017) concludes that the reconstruction phase begins around the celebration period of the disaster and continues for some time beyond that the anniversary.
Agencies that will help in facilitating the proposed interventions
Agencies that I will work with to enable the recommended interventions are American Red Cross, Sida (Swedish International Development Corporation Agency), and the FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). According to Coppola (2016), the three agencies are global organizations working to reduce the impact of natural disasters around the world. Thus, the agencies can appropriately help me to facilitate the interventions in Haiti.
Coppola, D. P. (2016). Introduction to international disaster management. Elsevier.
Blutcher, H. K., Bulecheck, G. M., Doctterman, J. M. M., & Wagner, G. M. (2018). Nursing interventions classifications (NIC)-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Neal, D. M. (2017). Reconsidering the phases of disasters. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disaster 15(2), 239-264.
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diary of medical mission trip videos dealing with the catastrophic earthquake in haiti in 2010