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[ANSWERED] In his seminal article The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change, originally published in 1957, Rogers identified three core components of what he considered to be the effective approach to counselling

In his seminal article The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change

3.1. The Core Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change

In his seminal article The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change, originally published in 1957, Rogers identified three core components of what he considered to be the effective approach to counselling.  Since then, few theorists, commentators, or clinicians have raised any arguments against the qualifier “necessary.”  However, the label “sufficient” has been targeted by a number of critics. Based on your understanding of the humanistic approach to counselling in general and the person-centred school in particular, do you think that the three “core conditions” are indeed sufficient for producing a “therapeutic personality change”?

Reference

Rogers, C. R. (2007). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 44(3), 240-248. Retrieved from https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=sso&db=pdh&AN=2007-14639-002&custid=s7439054

  • The last post is due at the end of Sunday of this unit.

3.2. Rogers’ Position on Encouragement as a Technique

Unlike Adler, who emphasized the importance of encouragement, Rogers was not very keen about the use of this technique with clients.  Could you provide some possible explanations for Rogers’ position?

  • The last post is due at the end of Sunday of this unit.

Expert Answer and Explanation

3.1. The Core Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change

The three core conditions to effective “therapeutic personality change” as stated by Rodgers include congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard. In my opinion, the three core conditions are sufficient for producing a “therapeutic personality change.” One of the conditions which is empathy can help therapist understand the feelings and thoughts experienced by the client. In other words, the counselor with have an idea of what the client is feeling. Empathy will improve the therapist’s urge to help the client change their current mental state and attain healthy mental state (Rogers, 2007). Congruence can help when it comes to building a relationship with the client. Congruence means that the therapist is real and genuine, and hence the client can trust them and freely express what they feel without fear. Congruence can help us as counselors to overcome the negative attitudes we have towards our clients. The warmth and genuine encounter can make the client feel respected and valued. Hence, the client will have higher self-esteem and trust their personal judgment (Rogers, 1992). The third condition which unconditional positive regard will allow clients to be free and speak their mind out without thinking of being judged or criticized. If the client says what they feel, the therapist will be in a better position to help them.

References

 Rogers, C. R. (1992). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(6), 827. http://129.7.114.13/Harrington/necessary.pdf

Rogers, C. R. (2007). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 44(3), 240-248. Retrieved from https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=sso&db=pdh&AN=2007-14639-002&custid=s7439054

3.2. Rogers’ Position on Encouragement as a Technique

Encouragement is a therapy technique where a therapist uses non-verbal and verbal methods to prompt the client to continue narrating their feelings and thoughts. Some these methods include positive facial expression, nodding, and saying words, such as “uh-huh.” Rodgers did not see the need for encouragement technique in his mode of therapy which is person-centered therapy. In his opinion, being genuine, empathetic, and showing respect and warmth are enough to allow the patient to continue communicating what they feel. For instance, when the clients are communicating and they see that you are empathizes with them, they will be motivated to continue talking because they know you feel them (Silberschatz, 2007). The counselor can show empathy by responding to the client always, taking time to listen, using short responses, and understating the client’s perspective. He believed that if a counselor applies the skills above, there is no need for using encouragement techniques. Unconditional positive regards also allow the client to be free, open up, and narrate their feeling without thinking of being judged or criticized (Rogers, 2007). This condition also acts in place of encouragement (Silberschatz, 2007). In other words, Rodgers did not see the need to use encouragement techniques because the three conditions had already taken care of ensuring that there is “therapeutic personality change.”

References

Rogers, C. R. (2007). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 44(3), 240-248. Retrieved from https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&AuthType=sso&db=pdh&AN=2007-14639-002&custid=s7439054

Silberschatz, G. (2007). Comments on “The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change.” Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 44(3), 265–267. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-3204.44.3.265

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