Explain the role of the community health nurse in partnership with community stakeholders for population health promotion. Explain why it is important to appraise community resources (nonprofit, spiritual/religious, etc.) as part of a community assessment and why these resources are important in population health promotion.
Expert Answer and Explanation
TOPIC 1 DQ 1:
Population Health Promotion
Population health promotion is the process of developing promotional messages and actions that can be used in educating people against certain health issues or prevention. Community health nurses and other community stakeholders, such as church leaders, local political leaders, and NGOs’ have vital roles in ensuring that population health promotion programs successes. Community health nurses are responsible for conducting studies and finding heath issues that ail the community population (Salmond & Echevarria, 2017). Also, they are responsible for developing promotion models that can be used to conducting health promotions. The community nurses in collaboration with other community leaders can search for funds to support population health promotion programs. The other community stakeholders, such as local politicians are responsible for developing and enacting policies that can ensure the success of health promotions (Watterson, 2017). Stakeholders such as church leaders can provide financial support for running of the health promotion.
Appraising community resources, such as religious and nonprofit resources is so vital. Appraising community resources can help the community population understand the value of their resources, and this can motivate them to take care of them. Also, resource appraisal can help community leaders understand how they can distribute funds to run various health promotion programs within the community. Corley et al. (2016) argue that appraisal or evaluation can also help in curbing corruption and misuse of community funds and resources. Community resources should be regularly apprised because they are so vital in health promotion programs. For instance, the resources, such as community halls can be used in holding meetings and seminars during health education programs.
Corley, A. G., Thornton, C. P., & Glass, N. E. (2016). The role of nurses and community health workers in confronting neglected tropical diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 10(9), e0004914.
Salmond, S. W., & Echevarria, M. (2017). Healthcare transformation and changing roles for nursing. Orthopedic nursing, 36(1), 12.
Watterson, A. (Ed.). (2017). Public health in practice. Macmillan International Higher Education.
Alternative Answer and Explanation
Role of Community Health Nurse
The community is one of the main focuses for community health nurses. The healthcare sector conducts various community interventions which have to factor in a number of issues, the role of a community health nurse is crucial for any event involving the community as they have the necessary medical skills (Bigi & Bocci, 2017). The partnership between the community and the nurse can help create the necessary various roles to be performed by the nurse. For instance, the nurse is skilled and can easily identify issues affecting society and come up with means to offer remedies to these issues. The role focuses on the identification of needs, problems, and priorities for families, individuals, and other members of the community in general (Bigi & Bocci, 2017). Based on the information, the nurse can then formulate intervention plans for a municipal health and implement the plan within the community.
The role of the nurse is also associated with appraising various community resources to evaluate whether they meet the requirements for operation. Every community action and resource need to be appraised for various reasons (Egbujie et al., 2018). For instance, appraisal for a nonprofit organization can assess whether the institution has the capacity to deliver on the purpose and whether they are aware of the issues that are being addressed. Appraisal of religious or spiritual groups focuses on the need for the provision of accurate information to the masses and correlates the data with the goals of the community action (NSU, 2017). These resources are important as they provide additional support, personnel, and other key services that are required for a holistic care delivery process. The healthcare sector comprises a number of key players and combining the resources for the betterment of the community.
Bigi, C., & Bocci, G. (2017). The key role of clinical and community health nurses in pharmacovigilance. European journal of clinical pharmacology, 73(11), 1379-1387.
Egbujie, B. A., Delobelle, P. A., Levitt, N., Puoane, T., Sanders, D., & van Wyk, B. (2018). Role of community health workers in type 2 diabetes mellitus self-management: A scoping review. PloS one, 13(6), e0198424.
NSU. (2017). The Nurse’s Role in Community Health. Northeastern State University Online. https://nursingonline.nsuok.edu/articles/rnbsn/nurses-role-in-community-health.aspx
TOPIC 1 DQ 2: Expert Answer and Explanation
Community or population assessment and intervention can be influenced by many factors including phenomenological and geographical factors. Geographical and phenomenological factors can influence the financial or budgetary aspect of an intervention or assessment. For instance, a disease that has affected a large geographical area, a lot of funds will be used in implementing or assessing the impacts of the illness (Tan, 207). Different phenomena are solved in different ways. Thus, phenomenological factors can affect an intervention or assessment by determining the methods that will be used in the assessment or implementation of the intervention. Rabelo‐Silva et al. (2017) mention that the two factors can also affect the time of intervention implementation and assessment. For instance, the time that will be spent in implementing an intervention to prevent a disease in a whole country differs from the implementation of the same intervention in a single state.
The nursing process involves many actions. The actions include researching, planning, diagnosis, assessment, and evaluation of health-related issues. The nursing process has largely been used in identifying health issues. For instance, nurse researchers have been used to research and identify certain health issues in society. Also, nurses have been used in assessing, evaluating, and reporting health issues to the public and government. Diagnosis is a nursing process that can be used to determine a nationwide health problem (Perrin et al., 2018). For instance, if many people are diagnosed with diabetes, the condition will be termed as a national health issue. Apart from identifying the issues, the process can be used in the intervention. For instance, nurses can be used to give certain treatments as part of the intervention. Also, their diagnostic reports can be used to decide whether a patient should be referred to another hospital or not.
Perrin, M., Kim, T., Stan, R., Giesie, P., Tabor, J., Le Verche, V., … & Zaia, J. A. (2018). Role of Nursing Competencies for Accelerating Clinical Trials in Stem Cell Clinics. Stem cells translational medicine, 7(1), 6-10.
Rabelo‐Silva, E. R., Dantas Cavalcanti, A. C., Ramos Goulart Caldas, M. C., Lucena, A. D. F., Almeida, M. D. A., Linch, G. F. D. C., … & Müller‐Staub, M. (2017). Advanced Nursing Process quality: Comparing the International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP) with the NANDA‐International (NANDA‐I) and Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC). Journal of clinical nursing, 26(3-4), 379-387.
Tan, R. J. A. (2017). Enhancing Quality of Care and Patient Safety: The Role of Nursing Clinical Judgment in Public Protection.
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