[ANSWERED 2023] Conduct a cultural self-assessment In order to understand culture and cultural diversity, it is important that you understand your own culture and heritage

Conduct a cultural self-assessment In order to understand culture and cultural diversity

Conduct a cultural self-assessment In order to understand culture and cultural diversity, it is important that you understand your own culture and heritage

Conduct a cultural self-assessment In order to understand culture and cultural diversity, it is important that you understand your own culture and heritage. Using the tables that are located throughout Chapter 2 of your textbook (one for each domain of the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence, Table 2-1 to Table 2-12), answer these questions as they relate to you.

Remember, you are answering these questions from your personal perspective, so there is no right or wrong response. Explain why you do or do not adhere to the dominant cultural practices and beliefs of the ethnic group(s) with which you primarily identify. Although the information on this self-assessment paper is strictly confidential, if you do not wish to self-disclose a specific area from the Organizing Framework, indicate so instead of just not addressing it.

You are not required to provide citations/references in this paper. Attention should be paid to grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Write a 3-4 page APA essay.

Expert Answer and Explanation

Purnell Model for Cultural Competence

Purnell’s model of cultural competence provides twelve main elements that can be used to understand an individual’s cultural identity. This paper will use the twelve tools as described in Purnell‘s model to carry out a personal cultural assessment to help describe my culture and heritage. The following information describes my personal heritage and culture

Overview, Inhabited Localities, and Topography

Currently, I live in the United States of America, in California. I am originally from Sierra Leone a port city and the capital of Sierra Leone. It is also the same town where I was born. I have lived in the US for more than 8 years with both of my parents being born in Sierra Leone. I came to the US to continue with my academics and pursue my profession as a nurse.

I have not lived in any other place in the US other than the state of California. However, I have relatives and friends in other states within the U.S. For now, I would rather not disclose my income level but it is enough to allow me to afford the basic essentials of life. I have a health insurance cover which I am able to afford with my current income.

I have a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) and am currently pursuing Master of Science in Nursing (MSN). Some of the health hazards of working as a nurse include exposure to infections and toxic substances. I have never been in the military. I have been blessed with a wonderful family.


My full names are Jess Green. My legal name is Jess Green but calling me Jay will do just fine. My primary language is English but my dialect is Krio. I also know a little bit of French. I am a fairly open person and I rarely shy off to share my feelings with family, friends or healthcare providers. I don’t mind being touched by family or friends.

I am however reserved when it comes to being touched by strangers. In terms of greeting, I don’t mind a handshake. I am a time-conscious person and strictly keep time for appointments but not so much when it comes to social engagements.

Family Roles and Organization

My parents take the center stage when it comes to decision-making, but mainly my father. In my family we don’t have any specific decisions meant for either men or women, all are at liberty to air their opinions. Most of the house chores are taken care of by succeed in their studies to make a good impression of themselves and the family while the women while men usually provide for the family.

Children are required to be obedient and respectful, anything short of that will bring a bad image to the family. Young adults are supposed to are not supposed to engage in negative behaviors like drug and alcohol use. The older adults usually provide direction for the family and they are occasionally sought after for advice.

There are currently no extended members living with my family. Our family is known for its humility; I think that is what gives us status. I don’t think it is wrong to get children in wedlock but getting them in marriage is a better option. I don’t think it’s a big issue for people to live together and not be married, but personally, I prefer people to live together after getting married. I don’t mind gay, lesbians or transgendered people but personally, I am straight.

Workforce Issues

Do you usually report to work on time? I am never late at work unless of an emergency and I am never late for meetings. I don’t think I have any concerns about working with someone of the opposite gender. I consider myself a loyal employee. I am very inquisitive especially in what I don’t know. I think I am assertive enough in my job. When a patient does not speak in fluent English or has a different accent, I at times find it hard to understand at times.

Biocultural Ecology

I am not allergic to any medication and don’t have any issues when taking OTC medication. There is no major illness I am aware of in my family nor any genetic diseases. Given that Sierra Leone is a coastal country, Malaria is one of the major health challenges in terms of diseases but access to medical facilities is an overall healthcare challenge for the country. My racial identity is a native African.

High-risk Behaviors

I don’t drink alcohol use tobacco or any other illicit or recreational drug. I occasionally jog in the morning but walk daily in the evenings for thirty minutes to an hour. I use seat belts when driving. I prefer abstinence as the best way of dealing with STIs and HIV


I am currently satisfied with my health and I normally make sure to eat a balanced diet. I avoid foodstuffs with excess fats given the negative health implications the pose. I don’t have any specific food I eat when ill but avoid food with strong scents during the illness period. I normally take lots of fruit salad and animal protein with minimal starch.

The foods that are normally taken in my culture are rice, yam cassava, beans among others. I normally eat three meals a day with an occasional snack in between. My snacks vary depending on my mood and location. I have no food allergies or any food intolerance that I know of.

Pregnancy and Childbearing Practices

            I have three children, and I have not had an abortion, stillbirth or miscarriage.

Death Rituals

I don’t know of any special activities in preparation of death and I would not want to know about my impending death, I want it to happen naturally without my knowledge. I prefer a burial to be held as soon as possible. Grieving for both men and women in my culture is more or less the same but women display their emotions more than men. Coming from a Christian background, death to me means the end of life on earth but a begging of eternal life or perishing in the flames of hell.


I am a Christian but not a deeply religious person. I do pray at least twice a day and is what gives me meaning and strength in my life. I also meditate which I find helpful in uplifting my emotional wellbeing.

Health-care Practices

I normally eat healthily and engage in physical exercise as a means of maintaining good health status.  I use ibuprofen for painkillers and take herbal tea occasionally. I never use and herbal medication and take the normal painkillers like ibuprofen when in pain. In case the pain is unbearable I seek medical help.

Most of the people with mental illness are shunned by the community but currently they have started being cared for with an increase in mental health facilities Like those with mental illness, those with disabilities are also shunned in most cases but it varies with the form of disability. Depending on the level of illness I either go to the hospital or continue with my normal activities.

I don’t like staying in bed unless it necessitates. I consider rehabilitation facilities to be of great help for people with different health issues. I am not averse to either blood transfusion or organ donation. I would indeed consider an organ transplant if needed. In my current residence healthcare services are readily available with no transportation problems in accessing healthcare facilities.

Health-care Providers

When I am ill I normally see the physician for treatment. I prefer same-sex healthcare providers for intimate care but don’t mind either sex for routine health problems. I don’t engage with for treatment other healers other than trained physicians


Recently I have found it hard to adhere to my cultural practices and beliefs given the people I relate with on a daily basis. I am surrounded by people from different cultural backgrounds which makes it difficult to stick to my core cultural practices. I have also found that by maintaining my interest and integrating with other peoples’ cultures, I have gradually lost touch with my own culture. These are some of the challenges that I face in adhering to my cultural practices.


What is the Cultural Self-Assessment?

In today’s diverse and interconnected world, understanding and valuing cultural differences is crucial. The cultural self-assessment is a valuable tool that enables individuals to gain insight into their own cultural identity, values, and biases. By engaging in this process, individuals can develop a greater understanding of themselves and the world around them, fostering cultural competence and promoting inclusivity.


Cultural self-assessment refers to the process of examining one’s own cultural identity, beliefs, values, and biases. It involves reflecting on one’s experiences, understanding the influence of culture on personal perspectives, and actively seeking opportunities for growth and understanding. By engaging in cultural self-assessment, individuals can develop empathy, respect, and appreciation for diverse cultures, enhancing their ability to interact and collaborate in multicultural environments.

Defining Cultural Self-Assessment

Cultural self-assessment is a methodical approach to exploring one’s own cultural background and the impact it has on perceptions, attitudes, and behaviors. It involves introspection, self-reflection, and self-awareness. This process helps individuals identify their cultural strengths, biases, and areas for growth, fostering a deeper understanding of themselves and others.

The Importance of Cultural Self-Assessment

Understanding one’s cultural identity and biases is essential in promoting inclusivity and fostering positive relationships across diverse communities. Cultural self-assessment allows individuals to:

  • Develop self-awareness: By examining their cultural identity, individuals gain insights into their values, beliefs, and experiences, leading to greater self-understanding.
  • Challenge biases and stereotypes: Cultural self-assessment helps individuals recognize and confront their own biases, prejudices, and stereotypes. This awareness enables them to challenge these biases and promotes a more inclusive and equitable society.
  • Enhance cultural competence: Cultural self-assessment fosters cultural competence, which is the ability to interact effectively with people from different cultures. It enables individuals to develop skills such as empathy, communication, and adaptability.

The Process of Cultural Self-Assessment

Cultural self-assessment involves several key steps to gain a comprehensive understanding of one’s cultural identity. The following steps can guide individuals through the process:

Reflecting on Cultural Identity

Begin by reflecting on your cultural background, heritage, and experiences. Consider your upbringing, family traditions, language, and customs. Reflect on how these factors have shaped your identity and influenced your perspectives.

Identifying Cultural Biases

Next, critically examine your biases, stereotypes, and assumptions about other cultures. Reflect on any preconceived notions you may hold and explore their origins. This step requires honesty and self-reflection to uncover unconscious biases.

Assessing Cultural Competence

Evaluate your level of cultural competence by assessing your knowledge, skills, and attitudes towards different cultures. Identify areas where you feel confident and areas where you need to improve. This assessment will help you set goals for further growth.

Setting Goals for Growth

Based on your self-assessment, set specific goals to enhance your cultural competence. These goals may include expanding your knowledge of different cultures, challenging your biases, or developing cross-cultural communication skills. Setting measurable goals will help you track your progress.

Tools and Techniques for Cultural Self-Assessment

Various tools and techniques can assist individuals in their cultural self-assessment journey. Here are a few commonly used methods:

Self-Reflection Exercises

Engage in self-reflection exercises such as journaling or guided prompts that encourage introspection and exploration of your cultural identity. These exercises help uncover underlying beliefs, values, and biases.

Cultural Values Assessment

Take cultural values assessments that provide insights into your personal values and how they align or differ from other cultural perspectives. These assessments help identify potential areas of conflict or misunderstanding.

Cultural Sensitivity Training

Participate in cultural sensitivity training programs that offer education and practical strategies for understanding and appreciating different cultures. These training sessions enhance awareness and equip individuals with the necessary tools to interact respectfully.

Seeking Feedback and Perspective

Seek feedback from individuals representing different cultures. Engage in conversations, ask questions, and listen actively to diverse perspectives. This feedback provides valuable insights and helps broaden your understanding of cultural nuances.

Benefits of Cultural Self-Assessment

Engaging in cultural self-assessment yields numerous benefits, including:

  • Increased self-awareness and personal growth.
  • Improved cross-cultural communication skills.
  • Enhanced empathy and respect for diverse cultures.
  • Strengthened relationships and collaboration in multicultural environments.
  • Reduced biases and stereotypes, leading to a more inclusive society.

Challenges and Limitations

Cultural self-assessment can present challenges and limitations. Some of these include:

  • Emotional discomfort: Exploring cultural biases and confronting personal beliefs can evoke discomfort and defensiveness. It is essential to approach the process with an open mind and a willingness to learn and grow.
  • Limited perspective: Self-assessment alone may not provide a comprehensive understanding of other cultures. It is crucial to supplement self-assessment with exposure to diverse perspectives and experiences.
  • Continuous growth: Cultural self-assessment is an ongoing process. Cultural competence requires continuous learning and adaptation as societal norms and cultural dynamics evolve.

The Role of Cultural Self-Assessment in Various Contexts

Cultural self-assessment is relevant in different contexts and can play a significant role in:

Workplace and Professional Development

In the workplace, cultural self-assessment promotes diversity and inclusion. It enables individuals to navigate multicultural teams effectively, understand customer needs in global markets, and develop culturally sensitive policies and practices.

Education and Classroom Settings

In education, cultural self-assessment helps educators create inclusive learning environments. It allows teachers to understand their students’ backgrounds, tailor instructional strategies to diverse learners, and foster a sense of belonging for all students.

Healthcare and Social Services

In healthcare and social services, cultural self-assessment is essential for providing patient-centered care. It helps professionals recognize the influence of culture on health beliefs and practices, leading to better patient outcomes and reducing disparities.

Case Studies: Cultural Self-Assessment in Action

To illustrate the practical application of cultural self-assessment, let’s explore a few case studies highlighting its impact in real-life scenarios.

  • Case Study 1: A multinational company implements cultural self-assessment workshops for its employees, leading to increased understanding and collaboration among team members from different cultural backgrounds.
  • Case Study 2: An educational institution incorporates cultural self-assessment activities into its curriculum, fostering a more inclusive and culturally responsive learning environment for students.


Cultural self-assessment is a powerful tool for personal and professional growth. By engaging in self-reflection, identifying biases, and setting goals for cultural competence, individuals can develop a deeper understanding of themselves and others. Cultural self-assessment promotes inclusivity, empathy, and effective communication in diverse settings, ultimately contributing to a more harmonious and interconnected world.


  1. How often should I engage in cultural self-assessment?
    • Cultural self-assessment is an ongoing process. It is beneficial to engage in self-assessment regularly to track your progress and continue your growth journey.
  2. Can cultural self-assessment eliminate all biases?
    • While cultural self-assessment can help individuals recognize and challenge biases, complete elimination of biases may not be possible. The goal is to continuously learn, grow, and become more culturally competent.
  3. Are there any online resources for cultural self-assessment?
    • Yes, several online resources offer cultural self-assessment tools, exercises, and training programs. These resources can provide valuable guidance and support in your cultural self-assessment journey.
  4. How can cultural self-assessment benefit organizations?
    • Cultural self-assessment benefits organizations by fostering diversity and inclusion, improving cross-cultural communication, and enhancing employee collaboration and productivity.
  5. What is the connection between cultural self-assessment and cultural intelligence?
    • Cultural self-assessment is a component of cultural intelligence, which refers to the ability to navigate and adapt to diverse cultural contexts. Cultural self-assessment helps individuals develop the self-awareness necessary for building cultural intelligence.

Conduct a cultural self-assessment. In order to understand culture and cultural diversity, it is important that you understand your own culture and heritage. Using the tables that are located throughout Chapter 2 of your textbook

Why is it important to respect cultural differences?

Respecting cultural differences is important for several reasons, and it plays a crucial role in fostering understanding, inclusivity, and positive interactions within diverse communities. Here are some key reasons why it is important to respect cultural differences:

  1. Promotes Diversity and Inclusion:
    • Respecting cultural differences helps create a diverse and inclusive environment. Embracing various cultural backgrounds fosters a sense of belonging and contributes to a rich tapestry of perspectives, ideas, and experiences.
  2. Enhances Cultural Competence:
    • Cultural competence involves understanding, appreciating, and effectively interacting with people from diverse cultures. Respecting cultural differences is a fundamental aspect of developing cultural competence, which is crucial in various professional fields, including healthcare, education, and business.
  3. Prevents Stereotyping and Bias:
    • Respecting cultural differences helps challenge and overcome stereotypes and biases. Stereotyping individuals based on their cultural background can lead to misconceptions and unfair judgments. By respecting differences, we encourage a more nuanced and accurate understanding of individuals.
  4. Strengthens Interpersonal Relationships:
    • In personal and professional relationships, understanding and respecting cultural differences build trust and positive rapport. It fosters effective communication and collaboration, reducing the likelihood of misunderstandings and conflicts.
  5. Promotes Global Citizenship:
    • In an interconnected world, cultural respect contributes to global citizenship. Understanding and appreciating diverse cultures enable individuals to engage with global issues with sensitivity and awareness, fostering a sense of shared humanity.
  6. Cultural Exchange and Learning:
    • Respecting cultural differences opens the door to cultural exchange and learning. Exposure to different cultures broadens perspectives, enriches personal experiences, and promotes lifelong learning.
  7. Cultural Sensitivity in Healthcare:
    • In healthcare, respecting cultural differences is essential for providing patient-centered care. Cultural sensitivity ensures that healthcare professionals understand and consider patients’ cultural beliefs, practices, and preferences, leading to better health outcomes.
  8. Strengthens Communities:
    • Cultural respect contributes to the strength and cohesion of communities. By acknowledging and valuing diverse cultural contributions, communities can thrive, drawing on a variety of talents, skills, and traditions.
  9. Reduces Prejudice and Discrimination:
    • Respecting cultural differences is a powerful tool in combating prejudice and discrimination. It promotes a more tolerant and accepting society by challenging discriminatory attitudes and fostering empathy.
  10. Promotes Social Harmony:
    • In multicultural societies, respecting cultural differences is essential for maintaining social harmony. It helps build bridges between different cultural groups, fostering social cohesion and peaceful coexistence.
  11. Encourages Personal Growth:
    • Embracing cultural differences encourages personal growth by challenging one’s own assumptions and expanding one’s worldview. It fosters openness to new ideas, experiences, and ways of thinking.
  12. Supports Cultural Heritage Preservation:
    • Respecting cultural differences helps preserve and celebrate cultural heritage. It acknowledges the importance of cultural identity and traditions, contributing to the preservation of unique customs, languages, and practices.



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