[ANSWERED 2024] Write a short 50-100-word paragraph response for each question. This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

Written By: Dan Palmer, RN

Write a short 50-100-word paragraph response for each question. This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

Write a short 50-100-word paragraph response for each question. This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document
Write a short 50-100-word paragraph response for each question

Write a short 50-100-word paragraph response for each question. This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

  1. Define patient compliance and explain its importance in your field.
  2. Identify the health care professionals’ role in compliance and give examples of ways in which the health care professional may actually contribute to noncompliance.
  3. Compare compliance and collaboration.
  4. Compare and contrast patient education in the past with that practiced today.
  5. Explain the importance of professional commitment in developing patient education as a clinical skill.
  6. Explain the three categories of learning and how they can be used in patient education.
  7. List three problems that may arise in patient education and how they would be solved?
  8. List some methods of documentation of patient education.

Expert Answer and Explanation

Patient Compliance and Patient Education

Patient education is one of the most important attributes in the nursing sector. Nurses and patients have to work together to ensure that they meet the needed operational capacity for better medical needs (Cortellini et al., 2019). To attain compliance and informed consent, patients need to be informed or educated on different aspects of care including their rights, privileges, and what they need to expect from a condition and its overall treatment.

Patient compliance

The concept of patient compliance describes the attribute in which a patient accurately and correctly adheres to medical advice and treatment from a doctor or nurse. The most form of compliance of the ability of the patient to promptly adjust to the as from the prescribed medication. It is important for patients to understand the various issues around drug compliance and how it is important to their health (Cortellini et al., 2019).  One of the benefits associated with compliance includes increased recovery speed, better quality of service, and overall service delivery effectiveness. In the field of nursing, patient compliance makes it easier for the patients to experience faster recovery.

Role of Professional in Health Compliance

The professionals such as nurses and doctors have a major role to play in ensuring the effectiveness of care. The healthcare sector comprises different, multidisciplinary teas which have to work together to ensure that the patient recovers from their condition (Cortellini et al., 2019). As a professional. The healthcare professionals’ role includes the need to inform the patient on the medication, provide dosage requirements and oversee the effects that the medication has on the patient (McCauley et al., 2021). Similarly, the nurse has the role to provide reminders to the patient in the early stages to help develop familiarity with the need for the medication.

Compliance and Collaboration

Both compliance and collaboration are important attributes towards the delivery of care. While the two attributes can be used interchangeably, compliance is quite different from collaboration in the healthcare field. For instance, compliance focuses on the ability of a patient to abide by the directions provided by the professional (MacKenzie & Emma Ream, 2017). On the other hand, collaboration addresses the need for health professionals to work together with the patients for effective care delivery. While compliance does not necessarily need the involvement of the patient, collaboration has to ensure the patient is involved in the process.

Patient Education Trends

Patient education has been able to change over time. The traditional model of patient education focused on the understanding of treatment practices and how to deal with certain symptoms. The patients were required to comply with the professional’s requirements. However, with modernization and the need for autonomy, patient education has to incorporate the beliefs, needs, and requirements of the patient (Molina-Mula & Gallo-Estrada, 2020). Similarly, the current model of patient education is focused on providing prevention strategies and health promotion strategies. This new form of treatment makes it easier for the nurses to meet the patient’s needs and ensure proper quality of life.

Importance of Professional Commitment

Patient education is a very critical aspect and needs the commitment of the medical teams. Despite the high workload and high nurse-to-patient ratios, there is a need for medical professionals to find time to provide the patients with the required education contingent upon their beliefs and available care (Lehane et al., 2019). Professional commitment has the capacity to improve the recovery process and reduce the overdependence of physicians or nurses.

Categories of Learning

The three main categories of learning include auditory, visual, and kinesthetic. During patient training and education, the nurse or any other medical professional can make use of these aspects to deliver a proper understanding of the concepts being taught (Rini & Adisyahputra, 2020). The auditory teaching model focuses on the delivery of information through hearing which can be done by face-to-face interaction. Visual category of learning makes use of images, videos, or other materials that would help the patient have a vivid image representation of the issue. Kinesthetic focuses on the practical approach where the professionals educate the patient by having them conduct practical actions.

Problems With Patient Education

Patient education entails the interaction of various key players in the industry and there are challenges that can be obtained. Three of the main challenges include language barriers, literacy levels among patients, and nurse shortage leading to insufficient time to interact with the patient. Language barriers prevent proper communication and understanding (Atayet al., 2020). The remedy would be to involve a family member who will help translate and act as a caregiver. Literacy challenges can be solved using various teaching categories and the use of family members. The issue of nursing shortage can be remedied through the provision of pamphlets and detailed visual guidelines.

Documentation of Patient Education

Educating patient is important but there is also the need for the nurses to undertake various documentation that will help for future references. Methods of patient documentation include the need to be clear and detailed (Wittink & Oosterhaven, 2018). Similarly, the methods of documentation should be easily accessible, protected against unauthorized access, and incorporate the response of the learners.

Conclusion

Nurses and other medical professionals have the mandate to ensure that patient education is effective. This can be done through proper nurse-to-patient collaboration and effective patient compliance to the training.

References

Atay, S., Akkaya, G., & Duygulu, S. (2020). Nurses’ Perception of Using Empowering Discourse for Patient Education: A Qualitative StudyInternational Journal of Caring Sciences13(2), 1089-1095.

Cortellini, S., Favril, C., De Nutte, M., Teughels, W., & Quirynen, M. (2019). Patient compliance as a risk factor for the outcome of implant treatment. Periodontology 200081(1), 209-225.

Lehane, E., Leahy-Warren, P., O’Riordan, C., Savage, E., Drennan, J., O’Tuathaigh, C., … & Hegarty, J. (2019). Evidence-based practice education for healthcare professions: an expert view. BMJ evidence-based medicine24(3), 103-108.

MacKenzie, M., & Emma Ream, R. N. (2017, March). Establishing priorities for oncology nursing research: nurse and patient collaboration. In Oncology nursing forum (Vol. 44, No. 2, p. 192). Oncology Nursing Society.

McCauley, L., Kirwan, M., & Matthews, A. (2021). The factors contributing to missed care and non-compliance in infection prevention and control practices of nurses: a scoping review. International Journal of Nursing Studies Advances, 100039.

Molina-Mula, J., & Gallo-Estrada, J. (2020). Impact of nurse-patient relationship on quality of care and patient autonomy in decision-making. International journal of environmental research and public health17(3), 835.

Rini, D. S., & Adisyahputra, D. V. S. (2020). Boosting Student Critical Thinking Ability through Project Based Learning, Motivation and Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic Learning StyleUniversal Journal of Educational Research8(4), 37-44.

Wittink, H., & Oosterhaven, J. (2018). Patient education and health literacy. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice38, 120-127.

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Other Questions Related to this Class:

Topic 1 DQ 1

Alma Faulkenberger is an 85-year-old female outpatient sitting in the waiting room awaiting an invasive pelvic procedure. The health care professional who will assist in her procedure enters the room and calls “Alma.” There is no reply so the professional retreats to the work area. Fifteen minutes later the professional returns and calls “Alma Frankenberg.” Still no reply, so he leaves again. Another 15 minutes pass and the professional approaches Alma and shouts in her ear, “Are you Alma Frankenberg?” She replies, “No I am not, and I am not deaf either, and when you get my name correct I will answer you.”

Using the Topic 1 Resources, develop a plan to help Alma be compliant with the procedure and post-treatment medication. Also, describe the approach you would take to patient education in this case.

Topic 1 DQ 2

How would you use collaboration to assist in compliance with a patient as difficult as Alma?

Topic 2 DQ 1

Sister Mary is a patient in Level 2 Emergency Department. She must have a neural examination, physical assessment, radiographs of her facial bones, and a computed tomography scan of the head. Taking into consideration that she is a Roman Catholic nun, what would be the ideal course of patient education as this woman progresses from department to department?

Topic 2 DQ 2

What possible reservations could a health care professional have in working with Sister Mary? (Discuss the psychosocial responses the professional might have.)

Homework Topic 2

Write a short (50-100-word) paragraph response for each question. This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

  1. Give examples of psychosocial factors that affect the health care professional and the effect those factors could have on patient education.
  2. Give examples of psychosocial factors that affect the patient and the effect those factors could have on patient education.
  3. Explain what is meant by personality styles and give examples of approaches that could be used to help the patient. Include self-perception as a factor.
  4. List the steps in adjustment to illness and how the patient copes with each step.
  5. Explain the health professional’s role in teaching the patient at different life stages.
  6. Define the role of the family in patient education.
  7. How might the family influence the compliance of the patient and what measures can the health care professional use in communication with the family?

Stages of Life Essay and Interview

Write a 500-750-word essay on the Stages-of-Life and the influence of age in health care from a patient’s perspective. Interview a friend or family member about that person’s experiences with the health care system. You may develop your own list of questions.

Suggested questions:

  1. Do you feel that your stage-of-life had any effect on your interaction with health care professionals?
  2. Which areas of the hospital or clinic were most concerned with your well-being and feelings?
  3. Was your family with you during this hospital stay or outpatient visit?
  4. Was your family included in your treatment, such as post-procedure instructions?

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Topic 3 DQ 1

Discuss a patient of another culture. How can the health care professional communicate in presenting patient education? Consider language, family, cultural differences, and method of communication.

Topic 3 DQ 2

Compare and contrast culture, ethnicity, and acculturation.

Homework Topic 3

Write a 650-1300 word response to the following questions:

  1. Explain multicultural communication and its origins.
  2. Compare and contrast culture, ethnicity, and acculturation.
  3. Explain how cultural and religious differences affect the health care professional and the issues that can arise in cross-cultural communications.
  4. Discuss family culture and its effect on patient education.
  5. List some approaches the health care professional can use to address religious and cultural diversity.
  6. List the types of illiteracy.
  7. Discuss illiteracy as a disability.
  8. Give examples of some myths about illiteracy.
  9. Explain how to assess literacy skills and evaluate written material for readability.
  10. Identify ways a health care professional may establish effective communication.
  11. Suggest ways the health care professional can help a patient remember instructions.

This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

Topic 4 DQ 1

How has the patient’s control over his own health care changed?

Topic 4 DQ 2

What part does negotiation play in patient education?

Homework Topic 4

Write a short (50-100-word) paragraph response for each question. This assignment is to be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

  1. Define negotiation as it applies to patient education.
  2. Explain how the change in the patient’s status through the years has affected patient education.
  3. List the pros and cons of negotiation.
  4. Describe the general conditions that would be included in a patient contract.
  5. Discuss old age and the baby boomer.
  6. List several generational, religious, and cultural differences between the 30-year-old health care professional and the elderly patient.
  7. Explain some of the barriers to patient education of the elderly and discuss their special needs.
  8. List ways to best approach patient education of the elderly.
  9. Discuss some cultural and religious beliefs about death that you have encountered.
  10. Explain why it is important to discuss death and dying with the elderly patient and what the impact is on all involved.
  11. Explain how to teach a patient with a life-threatening illness.

Older Adults Patient Education Issues Essay and Interview

Write a 500-750-word essay on the influence patient education has in health care using the experiences of a patient. Interview a friend or family member about that person’s experiences with the health care system. You may develop your own list of questions.

Suggested interview questions:

  1. Did a patient education representative give you instructions on how to care for yourself after your illness or operation?
  2. Did a health care professional, pharmacist, nurse, doctor, or elder counselor advise you on your medication, diet, or exercise?
  3. Who assisted you at home after your illness or operation?
  4. Do you know of any assistance services, i.e., food, transportation, medication, that would help you stay in your home as you get older?

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.

Topic 5 DQ 1

Using the NIH website, how would you describe CAM and the typical person who uses CAM?

Topic 5 DQ 2

What are the percentages of people using CAM with prayer and those who do not?

Homework Topic 5

Write a short (50-100-word) paragraph response for each question posed below. Submit this assignment as a Microsoft Word document.

  1. Define CAM.
  2. Describe the patient who uses CAM the most.
  3. List some common misconceptions about CAM.
  4. Identify methods of including the use of CAM in patient education.
  5. Discuss the safe use of CAM.
  6. List ways in which conventional medicine and CAM can be integrated.
  7. Define ethical theories, ethical principles, and values.
  8. Provide examples of ethical issues in patient education and compliance, and describe ways in which an effective professional/patient relationship and a poor health professional/patient relationship can impact these issues.
  9. Explain what is meant by “ethical patient education practices”.
  10. Explain the purpose of informed consent.
  11. Discuss what factors determine the patient’s ability to give informed consent.
  12. Compose a sample informed consent form. .
  13. Discuss the process of communication to use with the patient and the family when obtaining informed consent.

Considering the five stakeholders in health care: consumers, providers, payers, suppliers, and regulators – what role can each play in health care quality, and cost containment?

FAQs

What is the meaning of patient compliance?

In healthcare, patient compliance refers to the extent to which a patient follows the recommendations and instructions given by a healthcare professional. These recommendations can encompass a wide range of things, including:

  • Taking medication: This is the most common meaning of patient compliance, and it refers to how well a patient follows the prescribed dosage, timing, and duration of their medication.
  • Following dietary guidelines: For patients with conditions like diabetes or heart disease, following a specific diet is often crucial for managing their health. Patient compliance in this context refers to how well they stick to the recommended dietary changes.
  • Engaging in lifestyle modifications: This might involve activities like exercising regularly, quitting smoking, or managing stress. Compliance in these cases refers to the patient’s consistency in making these changes.
  • Attending medical appointments: Regularly attending follow-up appointments and adhering to scheduled tests or procedures is also an important aspect of patient compliance.

It’s important to note that the term compliance has sometimes been criticized for implying a passive, obedient patient following doctor’s orders. More recent terms like adherence or concordance are preferred as they emphasize a collaborative approach to treatment, where the patient actively participates in making decisions and managing their health.

There are many factors that can influence patient compliance, including:

  • Complexity of the treatment regimen: The more complex the treatment plan, the harder it may be for a patient to follow it perfectly.
  • Knowledge and understanding of the condition: Patients who understand their condition and the importance of treatment are more likely to be compliant.
  • Side effects of medication or treatment: If a treatment has unpleasant side effects, patients may be less likely to stick with it.
  • Cost of treatment: Financial difficulties can make it challenging for patients to afford their medication or treatments.
  • Patient-provider relationship: A strong, trusting relationship with a healthcare provider can greatly improve patient compliance.

Improving patient compliance is a complex task that requires a multifaceted approach. It often involves:

  • Patient education: Providing patients with clear and understandable information about their condition and treatment plan.
  • Simplifying treatment regimens: When possible, simplifying treatment plans can make them easier for patients to follow.
  • Addressing side effects: Finding ways to manage or minimize side effects can improve patient compliance.
  • Building trust and rapport: Fostering a strong relationship with healthcare providers can encourage patients to be more open and involved in their care.
  • Considering individual needs: Every patient is different, and it’s important to tailor treatment plans and communication strategies to their individual needs and preferences.

By understanding the meaning and importance of patient compliance, healthcare professionals can work with patients to develop effective treatment plans that lead to better health outcomes.

How important is patient compliance?

Patient compliance is extremly important for several reasons:

Patient-level benefits:

  • Improved health outcomes: When patients follow their treatment plans effectively, they experience better control of their condition, reduced symptoms, and a lower risk of complications. This can lead to a prolonged lifespan and an improved quality of life.
  • Reduced healthcare utilization: Poor compliance often leads to hospital readmissions, additional tests, and emergency room visits. Improved compliance can significantly decrease these costs and the burden on healthcare systems.
  • Increased satisfaction with care: When patients feel empowered and supported in managing their health, they are more likely to be satisfied with their care and report positive experiences with their healthcare providers.

System-level benefits:

  • Reduced healthcare costs: Poor compliance is estimated to cost billions of dollars annually in healthcare spending. Improved compliance can lead to significant cost savings for hospitals, insurance companies, and society as a whole.
  • Improved public health: When individuals effectively manage their chronic conditions, the spread of infectious diseases and the transmission of risk factors for certain diseases can be reduced, benefiting public health overall.
  • More efficient allocation of resources: By ensuring efficient and effective use of medications, procedures, and healthcare services, resources can be better allocated to other areas of need within the healthcare system.

Therefore, patient compliance is not just a matter of individual responsibility, but a crucial factor in optimizing patient health outcomes, reducing healthcare costs, and improving the overall performance of the healthcare system.

Understanding the factors that influence patient compliance and implementing strategies to address them is a high priority for healthcare professionals, researchers, and policymakers alike. By working together to improve patient adherence, we can achieve better health outcomes for individuals and populations, while promoting a more efficient and sustainable healthcare system.

What is the difference between adherence compliance and concordance?

While the terms adherence, compliance, and concordance all relate to how well a patient follows their treatment plan, they have subtle differences in emphasis and perspective:

Compliance:

  • Definition: The extent to which a patient’s behavior matches the prescriber’s recommendations.
  • Focus: On the patient’s obedience to the doctor’s orders.
  • Connotation: Can be seen as passive, with an implication of the patient simply following instructions.
  • Example: A patient taking their medication exactly as prescribed without any deviation.

Adherence:

  • Definition: The extent to which a patient’s behavior agrees with the agreed-upon recommendations from the prescriber.
  • Focus: On a collaborative approach where the patient and healthcare provider work together to develop a treatment plan.
  • Connotation: More active and patient-centered, acknowledging the patient’s input and decision-making.
  • Example: A patient discussing concerns about side effects with their doctor and adjusting the medication dosage accordingly.

Concordance:

  • Definition: The extent to which the patient and practitioner agree on the treatment goals and the best way to achieve them.
  • Focus: On the shared understanding and communication between the patient and healthcare provider.
  • Connotation: Emphasizes the importance of partnership and building trust to create a successful treatment plan.
  • Example: A patient and doctor jointly deciding on a treatment plan based on the patient’s preferences, lifestyle, and overall health goals.

Here’s a table summarizing the key differences:

Term Definition Focus Connotation Example
Compliance Patient follows prescriber’s recommendations Doctor’s orders Passive obedience Takes medication as prescribed
Adherence Patient agrees with recommendations Collaboration Active participation Adjusts medication dosage based on discussion with doctor
Concordance Patient and provider agree on treatment goals Shared understanding Partnership and trust Jointly develops a treatment plan based on patient preferences

In general, adherence and concordance are preferred terms over compliance as they promote a more patient-centered and collaborative approach to healthcare.

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