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[ANSWERED] Identify a cardiac or respiratory issue and outline the key steps necessary to include for prevention and health promotion

DQ 1

Identify a cardiac or respiratory issue and outline the key steps necessary to include for prevention and health promotion.

DQ 2

Discuss what resources are often necessary for nonacute care for cardiorespiratory issues. Explain how they support patient independence and decrease readmission.

Expert Answer and Explanation

DQ 1

Heart Disease

The primary purpose of the heart is to facilitate the flow of blood around the different body organs, but it first has to pump blood to the lungs to facilitate oxygenation. Heart disease has a direct impact on the respiratory system as it causes irregularities in the manner in which blood is transported to and from the lungs (DeFilippis et al., 2017). The interconnectedness of the heard and the lungs make them work together in ensuring that all cells within the body are provided with sufficient oxygen required for survival. Heart disease has become one of the leading causative agents for death and disability within the United States. Numerous causative agents can be considered risk factors for heart disease. While these risk factors (age, gender, and family history) cannot change, nor can they be controlled, there are others that can be controlled to prevent heart disease occurrence.

The control measures can be evaluated in the form of steps that an individual can perform for the prevention and health promotion of heart disease. The first step for the prevention of heart disease is to control one’s blood pressure as it is a high risk of heart disease. Secondly, there is a need to control the levels of triglyceride and cholesterol as they can clog the blood vessels (Ammouri et al., 2016). Regular exercise is also a step to ensure that a person maintains a healthy weight as a preventive mechanism. Other essential steps include healthy dieting, limit alcohol or smoking, stress management, and also managing diabetes. These steps are essential in ensuring that a person is prevented from the controllable risk of acquiring heart disease. The steps are also a great measure to facilitate health promotion within society.


Ammouri, A. A., Tailakh, A., Isac, C., Kamanyire, J. K., Muliira, J., & Balachandran, S. (2016). Knowledge of coronary heart disease risk factors among a community sample in Oman: Pilot study. Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal16(2), e189.

DeFilippis, A. P., Young, R., McEvoy, J. W., Michos, E. D., Sandfort, V., Kronmal, R. A., … & Blaha, M. J. (2017). Risk score overestimation: the impact of individual cardiovascular risk factors and preventive therapies on the performance of the American Heart Association-American College of Cardiology-Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease risk score in a modern multi-ethnic cohort. European heart journal38(8), 598-608.

DQ 2

Resources for Cardiorespiratory Issues

Both the lungs and the heart work jointly to ensure there is sufficient and constant supply of oxygenated blood within the body and the removal of carbon dioxide from the system. These cycles facilitate the importance of sustaining life as it is. Issues related to either the heart or the lungs may have a negative influence on the other organ and potentially result in both organs demonstrating nonacute cardiorespiratory issues (Canada et al., 2018). These issues are termed as those that concern both the lungs and heart but do not require urgent or emergency intervention. These patients can also be within hospitals in waiting for discharge to the healthcare facility necessary for their condition. The resources needed for the care of nonacute cardiorespiratory issues entail palliative care, long-term care, nursing and life support services, counseling, physiotherapy, and rehabilitation services.

These services provide additional assistance with regards to care and management of the issues that the patient is facing through recovery. For instance, palliative care focuses on the measures that can improve the overall quality of life for both the patient and their families who ace the problems that are associated with the illness (Imboden et al., 2018). These resources are critical in support of patient readmission due to various reasons. To begin with, they offer relief to distressing symptoms and pain that a patient might be experiencing. While nonacute cardiorespiratory issues do not necessitate emergency care, the symptoms can be severe and in need of relief. These resources also help with affirming life by integrating spiritual and psychological elements of care. In the event of readmission, the resources help the patients with spiritual care and regard death as a normal process. They also facilitate quality of life, which positively influences the nature of the illness.


Canada, J. M., Weiss, E., Evans, R. K., Van Tassell, B. W., Garten, R., & Abbate, A. (2018). Determinants of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Following Thoracic Radiotherapy. Circulation138(Suppl_1), A14282-A14282.

Imboden, M., Harber, M. P., Whaley, M. H., Finch, W. H., Bishop, D. A., & Kaminsky, L. A. (2018). The Association Between Long-Term Changes in Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Mortality Risk. Circulation138(Suppl_1), A16590-A16590.

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