What would spirituality be according to your own worldview? How do you believe that
What would spirituality be according to your own worldview? How do you believe that your conception of spirituality would influence the way in which you care for patients?
Expert Answer and Explanation
The context of spirituality is based upon the context of personal beliefs. Based on my perspective, spirituality entails the identification and acknowledgment that there is a higher power greater than the self. The higher power reigns over all and ensures safety and grants favor to those who believe. Different religions have different beliefs and spiritual inclinations which have to be respected.
The differentiation of spiritual beliefs is not the main concern as all focus on the common good of human beings (Murgia et al., 2020). The spiritual world is based upon the capacity of a person to be kind, help others, lead a good and pain-free life and be each other’s neighbor. A person can make use of spirituality to identify their purpose, self-actualize, and get the meaning of their existence. Through spirituality, patients are also able to find hope and courage to stay strong in spirit and find a reason to live.
My conception of spirituality has a direct impact on the care delivery process for the patient. For instance, the view of spirituality as a means in which individuals believe in a higher power which denotes human life to be a holy temple would mean that the patients receive quality care to improve their quality of life (Martins et al., 2017).
Through spirituality, nurses can find the reason to take good care of patients, improve the performance of the facility and offer fair and just treatment to all individuals as human beings were created in the image and likeness of God (Lalani, 2020). Spirituality also affects the aspect of patient leadership where nurses and other physicians need to lead by example and show the patients how to lead a good quality life away from pain or suffering.
Lalani, N. (2020). Meanings and interpretations of spirituality in nursing and health. Religions, 11(9), 428.
Martins, H., Romeiro, J., & Caldeira, S. (2017). Spirituality in nursing: An overview of research methods. Religions, 8(10), 226.
Murgia, C., Notarnicola, I., Rocco, G., & Stievano, A. (2020). Spirituality in nursing: a concept analysis. Nursing Ethics, 27(5), 1327-1343.
Alternative Expert Answer
My family values and religious practices have shaped my thoughts and assumptions on issues such as spirituality. Based on my worldview, I see spirituality as being fundamental in connecting humans to God, making it possible for humans to engage with God and embrace practices that bring them closer to morality. I also see spirituality as being an integral part of the human experience because it provides hope, brings a sense of fulfillment, and shapes how people view the world around them.
Given the close relationship between spirituality, morality, and ethics, spiritual people adopt behaviors that define their attitude toward others, and how they treat other people. Additionally, a spiritual person embodies values such as respect and honesty, and this makes it possible for them to be on good terms with others, and with nature (Kaddourah, Abu-Shaheen, & Al-Tannir, 2018). Fundamentally, I believe that when one is spiritual, one would value humility and demonstrate it in their actions.
As a nurse and as a spiritual person, my notion of spirituality would shape how I care for patients. God is a moral being, and since spirituality brings one closer to God, I would be respectful in terms of how I treat patients and maintain integrity whenever I work with patients. I also don’t judge patients or hold warped perceptions about patients because of their cultural or religious identity.
Given the relationship between ethics and spirituality, I would deliver optimal care using the available clinical protocol to address patients’ health needs (Vincensi, 2019). I would also respect the patient’s dignity irrespective of their background or appearance because, from a spiritual standpoint, we connect with God in terms of how we treat others. I would also involve patients in making decisions on matters concerning their health in line with the principles of informed consent and patient autonomy. Therefore, spirituality will inform how I work with patients.
Kaddourah, B., Abu-Shaheen, A., & Al-Tannir, M. (2018). Nurses’ Perceptions of Spirituality and Spiritual Care at Five Tertiary Care Hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Oman medical journal, 33(2), 154–158. https://doi.org/10.5001/omj.2018.28
Vincensi, B. B. (2019). Interconnections: Spirituality, Spiritual Care, and Patient-Centered Care. Asia-Pacific journal of oncology nursing, 6(2), 104–110. https://doi.org/10.4103/apjon.apjon_48_18.
What aspects of the topic readings do you find the most interesting? What is your view of the analysis of disease and healing in the readings? Explain
Expert Answer and Explanation
From the topic readings, one of the most interesting items was the concept of Christianity as it relates to the delivery of care. the main issue of concern was that human beings are considered to be holy and their life should be treated with respect. As medical practitioners, one needs to take proper interventions to ensure that patients are free from pain and suffering (Swanson et al., 2019). The Christians depict human beings to be created in the image and likeness of God.
Responding to patients should take into account these beliefs and ensure that all the different forms of care are done while maintaining the quality and effectiveness of the said care. Christianity advocates for the preservation of human life and ensuring that all ethical consideration is put into account when making medical decisions (Rieg et al., 2018). The main contention occurs during end-of-life care where critical decisions have to be made for or on behalf of the patient. All decisions need to uphold and respect human life regardless of the condition or state they are in at the moment.
Based on the reading, my views on disease and healing are correlational. As patients, the main aim of visiting healthcare facilities is to acquire healing. Christians perceive diseases as a form of fall and healing as a means of religious intervention to regain power and energy, in this regard, the concept of disease and healing can be seen as integration between science and religion to improve the care outcome.
Patients are required to get the correct and quality medication and hold on to their religious and spiritual hope that the intervention would lead to healing (Newbanks et al., 2018). Nurses should provide quality care intervention that is in line with the patient spiritual inclination.
Newbanks, R. S., Rieg, L. S., & Schaefer, B. (2018). What Is Caring in Nursing?: Sorting Out Humanistic and Christian Perspectives. Journal of Christian Nursing, 35(3), 160-167.
Rieg, L. S., Newbanks, R. S., & Sprunger, R. (2018). Caring from a Christian worldview: Exploring nurses’ source of caring, faith practices, and view of nursing. Journal of Christian Nursing, 35(3), 168-173.
Swanson, C., Thompson, A., Valentz, R., Doerner, L., & Jezek, K. (2019). Theory of Nursing for the Whole Person: A distinctly scriptural framework. Journal of Christian Nursing, 36(4), 222-227.
Alternative Expert Answer
An aspect of the topic reading I found interesting were that of the trinity. I found the reading on the trinity to be interesting because the word “trinity” does not actually appear anywhere in the Bible. So I have always found this part of doctrine to be incredibly diverting. John 14:28 reads ” you heard that I said to you, ‘I am going away and I am coming back to you.’ ‘If you loved me, you would rejoice that I am going to the Father, for the Father is greater than I am.”
Here Jesus is talking to his disciples, in addition, throughout the scriptures Jesus points out that he was here to do his Fathers will indicating to us that, the Father and Christ are not the same. My personal Christian faith is not based on the trinity as history tell us the concept was developed later at the First Council of Nicaea in 325 CE (Denova, 2023). In 312 CE, Roman emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and became the leader of the Christian Church. Constantine promoted unity of belief throughout his entire empire.
In Alexandria, a controversy erupted that spread to other cities regarding the concept of the Trinity. Arius, a presbyter in the area of Alexandria taught that if one believed that God created everything, then at one time, he must have created Christ. Indeed, the very terms the Father and the Son indicated that Christ was subordinate to God.
The bishop of Alexandria excommunicated Arius. Riots broke out among the factions, which led Constantine to call for the council to resolve the matter. The challenge was to articulate the way in which the oneness of God was also found in his transcendence of his spirit and his self incarnate nature (Denova, 2023). I truly find the topic of the trinity fascinating and find it interesting that its evolution was not stated in the reading.
The analysis of disease and healing in the reading was also interesting. Especially when we consider the pursuit of science in health and welling being and how it meets God’s original intention for mankind. Which was to live in harmony with all of God creation and in perfect health. The very delicate nature of health and spirituality is so captivating super excited to see these conversation developed in class.
Denova, R. (2023, February 21). Trinity. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 24, 2023, from https://www.worldhistory.org/Trinity/
Understanding Science. (n.d.). Science has limits: A few things that science does not do. https://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/0_0_0/whatisscience_12
Worldview Analysis and Personal Inventory
Based on the required topic Resources, write a reflection about worldview and respond to following:
- In 250-300 words, explain the Christian perspective of the nature of spirituality and ethics in contrast to the perspective of postmodern relativism within health care.
- In 250-300 words, explain what scientism is and describe two of the main arguments against it.
- In 750-1,000 words, answer each of the worldview questions according to your own personal perspective and worldview:
- What is ultimate reality?
- What is the nature of the universe?
- What is a human being?
- What is knowledge?
- What is your basis of ethics?
- What is the purpose of your existence?
Remember to support your reflection with the topic Resources.
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. A link to the LopesWrite technical support articles is located in Class Resources if you need assistance.
Expert Answer and Explanation
Religion is one of the most important attributes in the lives of believers. Each person has their own sets of beliefs that are determined by their religion and spiritual inclinations. For instance, Christianity focuses on proper ethics and love for all human life (Ewest, 2019). Following these beliefs can help with the understanding of how religion and healthcare are correlational.
Nature of Spirituality and Postmodern Relativism
Christians have a specific perspective regarding spirituality and ethics. With regards to spirituality, Christians believe in the holy trinity that depicts God as the father, the son, and the holy spirit. As a holy being, God was responsible for the creation of heaven and earth with everything therein. One of the greatest creations of God being human beings who were created in how own image and likeness (Ewest, 2019).
God gave human beings the power to know the difference between wrong and right. With the power, human beings were assigned the responsibility of looking after Gods’ creation including themselves. Spirituality between human beings should then focus on the issue of empathy, honesty, trustworthiness, happiness, and concern for each other. The perception of spirituality is then tied to the concept of ethics and how human beings should act ethically when interacting with each other.
The idea of postmodern relativism provides an alternative perspective from the Christian worldview by establishing that truth is not independent (Deng, 2019). Accordingly, postmodern relativism iterates that the concepts of right or wrong, truth or false, and any other basis for reasoning and justification of procedures as based on different perspectives, conventions, and frameworks.
In this regard, the authority of any solution or decision is only provided within the context in which it was made (Cabrero, 2018). This concept conflicts with the Christian worldview as it limits the truth to contexts other than being universal and applicable to all. Postmodern relativism advocates for contextual realities that are based on proper contexts and frameworks other than having universal truths that do not take into account the different individual needs.
The concept of scientism revolves around the belief that the use of science can explain all the aspects that occur in everyday life. The use of complex calculations, available information, and other formulas can be used to describe phenomena and give meaning to the things that happen on a day-to-day basis (Gasparatou, 2017). Unlike spirituality where people seek divine intervention and prophecy to understand the occurrence of phenomena, scientism focuses on the use of observable information to derive meaning and find a solution.
Scientism is different from the Christian worldview since it requires a scientist to conduct research that will collect data, analyze and make use of variables to determine to mean. Similarly, science can be used in healthcare for diagnosis to observe patient symptoms, and analyze how they affect their body (Coleman et al., 2018).
The outcome of these research processes and diagnosis is a means to gather accurate information that can be used in general decision-making strategies. Scientism does not make a decision based on a universal truth that people were born for a reason and the presence of a higher power. Rather, it used present information to provide intervention and understand why certain things occur the way they are.
The two main arguments that are against scientism are the existence of God and the concept of life after death. The discipline of scientism only focuses on entities that can be seen, felt, touched, or tested to determine their presence or concentration (Coleman et al., 2018). The concept of God’s existence can be challenging for scientism as it can not be measured or calculated to quantify its presence.
While both scientism and Christianity are based on preserving human beings, they have different ideas and strategies to achieve these elements (Understanding Science, n.d.). While science focuses on the use of scientific methods it has failed to offer conclusive information on matters such as the beginning of the world and where everything came from. Christianity contends that everything was created by God who was there at the beginning and spoke life into the world and the universe.
Personal Perspective on Worldviews
For a being or entity to be referred to as the ultimate reality, various characteristics have to be met. To be ultimate means to be of great power, and supernatural, unlike any other kind. With regards to Christianity, ultimate reality is associated with fundamental power and elements to be revered (Tolson, 2012). God is the main ultimate being and His teachings from the ultimate reality for all Christians.
The existence of God and his teachings through the Holy Bible is key guidance to living in accordance with the ultimate reality. Accordingly, God has the power to give life and also take. Each person was born for a reason and God knows all the plans he has for each person. As human beings lining under the ultimate reality, they should live in harmony with one another, embrace love and kindness while taking care of God’s creation (Tolson, 2012). Living in accordance with the ultimate reality will lead to eternal life where the soul will ascend to heaven and live with the Lord for eternity.
Nature of the Universe
From my perspective, the universe and all that is in it are bound by the guidelines provided by the ultimate reality. For instance, God created day and night which dictates how human beings exist within the universe (Tolson, 2012). A basic aspect such as age can be determined by the number of days a person has spent on earth which is the very nature of the universe.
In the beginning, before the universe existed, there was the Word and the Word was God (Coleman et al., 2018). God spent six days creating the universe, including the world; separated land and sea, created day and night, created plants and animals, and used his image and likeness to create human beings that were more intelligent and could determine right from wrong. God then rested on the seventh day and said that what he had created was good. The nature of the universe can then be subject to God’s creation.
Human beings are the best of God’s creation as they took his image and likeness. In this regard, God put human beings in control of all His creation. However, human beings need to live within the ultimate reality as they still depend on God for life, good health, and a better future (Understanding Science, n.d.). As human beings, it is important to lead a good quality of life away from pain and suffering.
Knowledge entails the practical application of information to acquire an effective outcome. The measure of one’s knowledge can be equated to how they perform practical actions of offer solutions that are contingent upon the information they have. In this regard, the ability to depict knowledge directly correlated to the intellect that human beings are bestowed over other creations.
Scientism contends that knowledge can be learned or acquired from interaction with day-to-day activities (Understanding Science, n.d.). This is correlated with the Christian worldview which indicates that human beings are intelligent and can understand their immediate environment and adapt to different situations.
Basis of Ethics
Ethics is said to be subjective and each person has their basis of ethics. My basis of ethics is founded on the principles of doing the right things, kindness, empathy, and love. These principles determine how I react, respond or interact with others either at a corporate level on a friendly basis (Pihlström, 2017).
This basis is correlational with the Christian worldview which requires all human beings to practice good morals and respect each other According the Christian Worldview, each person has to act and make decisions that are ethical to help preserve human life and dignify the Lord (Pihlström, 2017). The teachings focus on empathizing with other people’s situations and offering the needed assistance while focusing on that which is right.
Purpose of Existence
The Christian beliefs iterate that each person was born of a reason and that the existence of all human beings was planned (Chung, 2017). For instance, the Bible contends that God knew each person while they were still in their mother’s wombs, and in this regard, He has plans for everyone towards prosperity.
Human life is special, unique, and has talents that are supposed to offer a better outcome for the common good (Coleman et al., 2018). My purpose in life is tied to improving the quality of life for those in the need of medical services. As a nurse, ensuring that patients are treated on time and their pain or suffering removed is the ultimate goal and purpose of my life.
Cabrero, L. O. (2018). Postmodernist Relativism: A Return to Polytheism?. The Maastricht Journal of Liberal Arts, 10, 57-68.
Chung, S. (2017). Purpose of Existence: Defensive and Proactive Purposes of English Ministry in the Korean Church. Journal of Christian Education & Information Technology, 31, 57-79.
Coleman, T. J. III, Hood, R. W., Jr., & Streib, H. (2018). An introduction to atheism, agnosticism, and nonreligious worldviews. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality, 10(3), 203-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rel0000213
Deng, G. (2019). The origins of postmodern moral relativism. Filozofia Publiczna i Edukacja Demokratyczna, 8(1), 77-94.
Ewest, T. (2019). Where Ethics, Sustainability, and Spirituality Meet: The Holy Trinity or Dystopia of the Three Stooges?. In The Routledge Companion to Management and Workplace Spirituality (pp. 263-271). Routledge.
Gasparatou, R. (2017). Scientism and scientific thinking. Science & Education, 26(7-9), 799-812.
Tolson, J. (2012). Questions of being: What if our minds are the ultimate reality? The American Scholar. Retrieved from https://theamericanscholar.org/questions-of-being/#.XcmLjVVKjIU
Understanding Science. (n.d.). Science has limits: A few things that science does not do. Retrieved from https://undsci.berkeley.edu/article/0_0_0/whatisscience_12
What is the role of religion and spirituality in health?
Religion and spirituality can play a significant role in a person’s health and well-being. Many studies have found that individuals who engage in religious or spiritual practices tend to have better physical and mental health outcomes than those who do not.
One of the main ways that religion and spirituality can impact health is through stress reduction. Practices such as prayer, meditation, and attending religious services can help individuals manage stress and cope with difficult life events. This, in turn, can lead to improved immune function, lower blood pressure, and a reduced risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease.
In addition, religious and spiritual communities often provide social support and a sense of belonging, which can have a positive impact on mental health. For example, studies have found that individuals who attend religious services regularly have lower rates of depression and anxiety.
It is important to note, however, that the relationship between religion, spirituality, and health is complex and multifaceted. While some studies have found positive effects, others have found no effect or even negative effects on health outcomes. Additionally, the specific beliefs, practices, and community context of different religious and spiritual traditions can impact how they affect health.
Overall, the role of religion and spirituality in health is a complex and ongoing area of research, and individuals should consider their own beliefs and values when deciding how to incorporate these practices into their lives.
How does spirituality affect health?
Spirituality can have a positive impact on a person’s physical, mental, and emotional health in a variety of ways. Some of the ways in which spirituality can affect health include:
- Coping with stress: Spiritual practices such as meditation, prayer, and mindfulness can help individuals manage stress and anxiety, which can have a positive impact on overall health.
- Social support: Religious and spiritual communities often provide social support and a sense of belonging, which can improve mental and emotional health.
- Positive outlook: Spirituality can provide individuals with a sense of purpose and meaning in life, which can lead to a more positive outlook and improved mental health.
- Improved relationships: Spiritual practices can encourage forgiveness, compassion, and empathy, which can lead to improved relationships and social connections.
- Healthy lifestyle choices: Some spiritual practices, such as yoga and meditation, can promote healthy lifestyle choices such as exercise, healthy eating, and avoiding harmful substances.
What is the purpose of spirituality?
The purpose of spirituality is subjective and varies depending on an individual’s beliefs and values. In general, spirituality can provide individuals with a sense of purpose, meaning, and connection to something greater than oneself. It can help individuals understand their place in the world and find a sense of inner peace and fulfillment.
For some people, spirituality is a way to connect with a higher power or divine being. For others, it may be a way to connect with nature or the universe. Some people find spirituality through meditation, yoga, or other contemplative practices. Others may find it through community involvement or acts of service.
Spirituality can also provide a framework for moral and ethical decision-making, and help individuals cultivate qualities such as compassion, forgiveness, and gratitude. Additionally, spirituality can help individuals cope with difficult life events and find a sense of hope and resilience in the face of adversity.
Overall, the purpose of spirituality is deeply personal and can be different for each individual. It can provide individuals with a sense of meaning, purpose, and connection to something greater than oneself, and can play an important role in personal growth and well-being.
Negative effects of spirituality on health
It is important to note that the relationship between spirituality and health is complex and multifaceted, and while there are potential benefits to spirituality, there may also be negative effects on health for some individuals. Some of the potential negative effects of spirituality on health include:
- Guilt and shame: For some individuals, religious or spiritual beliefs may lead to feelings of guilt or shame, particularly if they feel that they are not living up to the expectations of their faith community. These negative emotions can have a detrimental impact on mental health and well-being.
- Religious or spiritual conflicts: Individuals may experience conflicts between their religious or spiritual beliefs and their personal values, leading to feelings of confusion and cognitive dissonance. These conflicts can have a negative impact on mental health.
- Intolerance and exclusion: In some cases, religious or spiritual communities may be intolerant of individuals who do not share their beliefs or values, leading to feelings of exclusion and social isolation. This can have a negative impact on mental health and social well-being.
- Avoidance of medical treatment: Some individuals may rely solely on prayer or other spiritual practices for healing, and may be reluctant to seek medical treatment when it is necessary. This can have a negative impact on physical health and can lead to delayed diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.
- Radicalization: In some cases, extreme religious or spiritual beliefs can lead to radicalization and violent behavior, which can have negative impacts on both the individual and society as a whole.
What is spirituality in psychology?
Spirituality in psychology refers to the human experience of connection to something greater than oneself, such as a sense of interconnectedness with others, a higher power, or a greater purpose in life. Spirituality is often seen as distinct from religious beliefs and practices, although it can be influenced by them.
In psychology, spirituality is often viewed as a domain of human experience that contributes to psychological well-being and resilience. Spiritual experiences can provide individuals with a sense of purpose, meaning, and coherence, which can help them make sense of difficult life events and find a sense of inner peace and fulfillment.
There are many different ways that spirituality can be expressed in psychology, including through meditation, mindfulness, yoga, and other contemplative practices. These practices can be used to cultivate a deeper sense of connection to oneself, others, and the world around us, and can promote positive emotions such as gratitude, compassion, and forgiveness.